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Nicholas D. Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Andreas Holtermann, Allard J. van der Beek, Maaike A. Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen and Leon Straker

studies), with interrater agreement on items compared, and group consensus reached in the case of any disparities in item scores. Following this process, the remaining studies were independently scored by 2 raters, with any conflicts in scoring resolved by a third rater. Results Study Selection Following

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Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W. St. Laurent and Sarah Burkart

a significant decline in physical activity levels compared with their White counterparts ( Kimm et al., 2002 ). The reported decline in physical activity is evident in children of color as young as 11 years of age ( Kimm et al., 2002 ). It is possible that the observed physical activity disparities

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Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

study and all participants signed an informed assent document, whereas consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Study Design Pretesting Measures Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

SES disadvantage propels individuals on unhealthy trajectories such as lower LTPA in adulthood suggests that policies addressing socioeconomic inequality among children may be an important route to alleviating socioeconomic health disparities in later life. These findings have important implications

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Matheus Hausen, Pedro Paulo Soares, Marcus Paulo Araujo, Débora Esteves, Hilbert Julio, Roberto Tauil, Marcus Junca, Flávia Porto, Emerson Franchini, Craig Alan Bridge and Jonas Gurgel

comparable V ˙ O 2 max 5 , 6 and similar 5 or lower 6 HRmax between taekwondo-specific tests and CPET. It also opposes the comparable V ˙ O 2 max and HRmax values observed in recent karate tests when compared with cycling CPET. 27 The disparity in the HRmax and V ˙ O 2 max responses between the

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Neng Wan, Ming Wen, Jessie X. Fan, O. Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Sara McCormick, Kirsten Elliott and Emily Nicolosi

Bureau ; 2010 . 2. Bacong AM , Holub C , Porotesano L . Comparing obesity-related health disparities among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, Asians, and Whites in California: reinforcing the need for data disaggregation and operationalization . Hawaii J Med Public Health . 2016 ; 75 ( 11

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Eamon T. Campolettano, Gunnar Brolinson and Steven Rowson

greater subject disparity were observed during the eyes closed trial. Since differences between preseason and postseason testing for both the BESS and force plate protocol were not observed, the data were combined into 1 pool for the purposes of assessing the correlation of the BESS and force plate

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Dawn M. Emerson, Toni M. Torres-McGehee, Susan W. Yeargin, Kyle Dolan and Kelcey K. deWeber

and/or in conjunction with a sport dietitian. Because the AT is often the primary source for athletes to receive hydration information, 18 clinicians should be knowledgeable regarding the supplement’s intended purpose, potential adverse effects, and educate patients on appropriate use. Disparities We

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Hamid Najafipour, Masoomeh Kahnooji, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mahboobeh Yeganeh, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Mitra Shadkam Farokhi and Ali Mirzazadeh

lifestyle habits. 9 For instance, young participants with higher socioeconomic status had healthier dietary habits but lower PA level. Therefore, socioeconomic disparities should be considered for public health interventions aiming to improve lifestyle habits. As the level of PA is influenced by various

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Loriane Favoretto, Zach Hutchison, Claire M. Mowling and Melissa M. Pangelinan

disparities in both mental ( Einfeld, Ellis, & Emerson, 2011 ; Emerson & Hatton, 2007 ; Platt, Keyes, McLaughlin, & Kaufman, 2019 ) and physical health ( Havercamp & Scott, 2015 ; Rimmer, Yamaki, Lowry, Wang, & Vogel, 2010 ). Participation in adapted sports and physical activities offered as part of school