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Margina Ruiter, Charly Eielts, Sofie Loyens and Fred Paas

: exercise effects on brain and cognition . Nat Rev Neurosci . 2008 ; 9 ( 1 ): 58 – 65 . PubMed ID: 18094706 doi:10.1038/nrn2298 10.1038/nrn2298 18094706 36. Miyake A , Friedman N , Emerson M , Witzki A , Howerter A , Wager T . The unity and diversity of executive functions and their

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Kazuhiro Harada, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Yuya Anan, Kenji Harada and Hiroyuki Shimada

nonparticipants of the screening. Third, we analyzed data from one Japanese urban community and thus it lacked diversity in the backgrounds of participants, especially since the residential area (rural or not) influences physical activity level among Japanese people ( Shibata, Oka, Harada, Nakamura, & Muraoka

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Seung Ho Chang, Kyungun Kim, Jihyun Lee and Sukho Lee

, ethnic, and sociodemographic diversity in urban areas pose challenges to create effective intervention strategies including those for PA. 13 To overcome these challenges, interventions have attempted various strategies such as school-based interventions, 14 technology embedded such as text messaging

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Christoph Buck, Anca Bolbos and Sven Schneider

) particularly using the mixed procedure. Local GWR models were computed in R (version 3.4.0) 24 based on the GWmodel package (version 2.0–3; R Core Team, Vienna, Austria). 25 Results The sociodemographic indicators demonstrate the pronounced social diversity within the city. The percentage of children in the

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Jennifer Ann McGetrick, Krystyna Kongats, Kim D. Raine, Corinne Voyer and Candace I.J. Nykiforuk

an eastern francophone province. These differences increase the diversity of the sample and are more reflective of a Canadian perspective. The complete instrument (ie, with 29 policies specific to physical activity) was administered to a census sample of policy influencers through an online survey

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Tammy Sheehy, Sam Zizzi, Kristen Dieffenbach and Lee-Ann Sharp

, and the sample was predominantly White (75%) and middle-aged men (80%). This lack of diversity in the sample limits the discussion of women’s experiences and international differences in the experiences of sport psychology services for high-performance coaches. Practical Implications and Future

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Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel

encouraging that many of these recommendations represented sound resolutions, which perhaps represented exposure to some recent trends in nationwide media campaigns that promoted more progressive views and body diversity for women. Other recommendations reflected a potentially unhealthy focus on weight and

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Jonathan M. Miller, Mark A. Pereira, Julian Wolfson, Melissa N. Laska, Toben F. Nelson and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

precise measures of socioeconomic status, that can further explain this difference. The major strength of this study is its diversity of participants and of correlates. With over 200 participants in each of the 8 groups of ethnicity/race and sex, we were able to examine differences in MVPA and its

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Maria À. Cebrià i Iranzo, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, María Á. Tortosa-Chuliá and Sebastià Balasch-Parisi

inconsistent results mainly due to heterogeneity of population (age, sex, anthropometrics, settings, etc.) and intervention characteristics (resistance vs. aerobic, diversity in nutrition supplementation, etc.). The majority of published trial findings were carried out on healthy older adults living in the

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Amy E. Burton, Louise Clancy and Lisa Cowap

weren’t already blind, they’re hanging that low, but nobody will do anything. (Claire, 79) Even newly-built environments designed with consideration for equality and diversity requirements presented challenges: The new bus station […] that’s supposed to be for the blind […] they’re supposed to have