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Alex S. Ribeiro, Matheus A. Nascimento, Brad J. Schoenfeld, João Pedro Nunes, Andreo F. Aguiar, Edilaine F. Cavalcante, Analiza M. Silva, Luís B. Sardinha, Steven J. Fleck and Edilson S. Cyrino

week on muscle mass (estimated by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scan), and results did not indicate statistical differences between training frequencies, although thrice weekly training showed greater increases compared to the twice a week frequency (7.4% vs. 4.4%, respectively). Similarly, Lera

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Sarah J. Wherry, Cheryl Der Ananian and Pamela D. Swan

marked with the participant number. Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria Eligibility criteria included women, between the ages of 45 and 60 years, with low-normal to low bone mass (total hip and/or spine t score of ≤0 to ≥−1.5) as determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (GE Lunar, Madison, WI

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Samantha L. Winter, Sarah M. Forrest, Joanne Wallace and John H. Challis

anthropometric parameters using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry: the influence on net joint moments during gait . Clin Biomech . 2004 ; 19 ( 1 ): 50 – 56 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2003.08.002 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2003.08.002 2. Pearsall DJ , Costigan PA . The effect of segment parameter error

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Ida A. Heikura, Louise M. Burke, Dan Bergland, Arja L.T. Uusitalo, Antti A. Mero and Trent Stellingwerff

, and BMD measurements via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, followed by 7-day food and training logs on the second week of the camp. Female athletes filled out a validated Low Energy Availability in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q 23 ). Hemoglobin Mass Total Hbmass was measured with the adapted 2-minute

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Stephanie A. Hooker, Laura B. Oswald, Kathryn J. Reid and Kelly G. Baron

Percentage Body fat percentage was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry on a whole-body Hologic scanner (version 13.1; Hologic, Marlborough, MA). Total body fat percent was calculated using automated calculations provided by Hologic. Statistical Analyses Statistical analyses were conducted in SAS

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Eric Tsz-Chun Poon, John O’Reilly, Sinead Sheridan, Michelle Mingjing Cai and Stephen Heung-Sang Wong

 al., 2009 ). Bone Health Assessment Bone Mineral Density Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning (EXA-3000; OsteoSys, Seoul, South Korea) was used to measure the BMD of the forearms (cortical bone) and calcaneus (trabecular bone) at both sides, as previously described by our research group ( O

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Liina Remmel, Vallo Tillmann, Eva Mengel, Pille Kool, Priit Purge, Evelin Lätt and Jaak Jürimäe

(T0), after 12 months (T1), and after 24 months (T2). Body Composition Total body (TB) FM, fat-free mass (FFM), and trunk FM were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DPX-IQ; Lunar Corporation, Madison, WI) using a software, version 3.6. Participants were scanned in light clothing while

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Todd Miller, Stephanie Mull, Alan Albert Aragon, James Krieger and Brad Jon Schoenfeld

plus diet (RT+DIET; n  = 10). Testing Subjects meeting criteria as defined by the screening survey reported to the University lab for secondary screening at 9:00 a.m. following an overnight fast. Body composition was then measured via Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (iDXA, Lunar; GE Medical Systems

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Michele Merlini, Greg Whyte, Sam Marcora, Mike Loosemore, Neil Chester and John Dickinson

detect changes in muscle mass. By using other means of measuring changes in body composition (eg, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), we may have detected changes in muscle mass. In a recent study by Jessen et al, 9 they observed a significant increase in lean body mass of 1.03–1.04 kg as detected by

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Farnoosh Mafi, Soheil Biglari, Alireza Ghardashi Afousi and Abbas Ali Gaeini

homogenize groups. The participants were recommended to have breakfast before proceeding to the research center. Their height, weight, body mass index, appendicular muscle mass index (appMMI; using Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry; GE Prodigy Lunar, Madison, WI), mobility (using the timed up and go [TUG