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Pedro Figueiredo, George P. Nassis and João Brito

or difference (0.2 × between-subject SD). Within-subject correlation coefficients were used to analyze the relationships between sIgA and load parameters, accounting for the lack of independence among the repeated measurements by removing the variation between subjects. 8 The magnitude of the

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Jörg Krieger, Lindsay Parks Pieper and Ian Ritchie

industry (and beyond). This grants them independence from Olympic governors. Perhaps as the most notable example, the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the international governing body for the sport of football, opted to install its own world championships in 1930. The IOC’s strict

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Bettina Callary, Chelsea Currie and Bradley W. Young

on athletes’ personal growth and development, (d) gradually relinquish control and foster independence, (e) provide opportunities for athletes to solve problems and make decisions, and (f) individualize the coaching process. Lyle ( 2002 ) posited that HC activities engender key qualities of self

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Kwok Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Dagmar Sigmundová, Lilly Augustine, Mariane Sentenac, Pauli Rintala and Jo Inchley

chi-square test of independence (Table  1 ). Binary logistic regression analyses were performed separately by country, with PARH as the outcome variable and LTID status as the main independent variable. Reporting of odds ratios (ORs), with the 95% confidence intervals (CIs), was performed, first by

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Amanda L. Penko, Jacob E. Barkley, Anson B. Rosenfeldt and Jay L. Alberts

report falling within the previous 2 years, of which 65% result in injury requiring medical attention. 7 Falls are often cited as a leading cause for loss of independence in patients with PD. 8 , 9 Despite the prevalence of postural instability and gait dysfunction, current pharmacological and surgical

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Tshepang Tshube and Stephanie J. Hanrahan

schedule every five years since the country’s independence in 1966 ( Jefferis & Nemaorani, 2013 ). Botswana has had four democratically elected presidents, all from the ruling Botswana Democratic Party. At independence, Botswana was ranked amongst the poorest countries in Africa with a per capita gross

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Jonathan M. Casper and Jung-Hwan Jeon

) was used to identify the level of psychological connection of the participants. The SPSS Syntax, developed by Funk ( 2008 ), was used for the segmentation process. A chi-square independence test was conducted to examine the relationship between the identified PCM levels and the participation length

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Cameron Haun, Cathleen N. Brown, Kimberly Hannigan and Samuel T. Johnson

independence of limbs. Exercise progression was self-guided with a large self-reported range for progression to single-leg stance (ie, 6–28 d). Abbreviation: ASI, arch support insole; ND, navicular drop; SFE, short foot exercise; TCE, towel curl exercise. Best Evidence The studies in Tables  1 and 2 were

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Irene Torres-Sánchez, Araceli Ortiz-Rubio, Irene Cabrera-Martos, María Granados-Santiago, Isabel López-Torres and Marie Carmen Valenza

between patients with different PA levels ( P  < .05). Patients in the nonsedentary group showed lower levels of independence and worse health-related quality of life. Predicted FEV1 (%) was significantly higher in the nonsedentary group ( P  < .05). Significant differences were also found in emotional

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Scott A. Graupensperger, Alex J. Benson and M. Blair Evans

behaviors to correspond with information they receive about attitudes held by other athletes (i.e., injunctive norms) or behaviors of other athletes (i.e., descriptive norms; see Cialdini & Goldstein, 2004 ). By contrast, independence is when an individual is not influenced by the norms, behaviors, or