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Justine Chatterton, Trent A. Petrie, Keke L. Schuler and Camilo Ruggero

environment pressures about weight and performance ( Petrie & Greenleaf, 2012b ). These general and sport-specific pressures are similar to those experienced by female athletes, though with an additional focus on having a physique that is defined by muscle mass, strength, and leanness. Across several studies

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Patrice R. Rougier, Thibaud Coquard, Thierry Paillard, Clément Ankaoua, Jeanne Dury, Corentin Barthod and Dominic Perennou

balance control. Notwithstanding the impairment due to the disease, WBA constitutes a challenging task for the central nervous system since the motor output needs to be adapted. Indeed, changing the level of load applied on one foot appears to distort the pattern of the center-of-pressure (CP

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Christine M. Tallon, Ryan G. Simair, Alyssa V. Koziol, Philip N. Ainslie and Alison M. McManus

for MCA V were higher in the children than in the adults, as noted elsewhere ( 23 ), which may account for the attenuated exercise response. The regulation of cerebral blood flow at rest is dependent on multiple factors: arterial blood gases (in particular, the partial pressure of arterial carbon

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Elizabeth Lorenzo, Jacob Szeszulski, Michael Todd, Scherezade K. Mama and Rebecca E. Lee

high blood pressure 7 – 10 and lower body weight in adults. 9 , 11 Furthermore, AT users have been found to have better cardiovascular health than those who do not use AT, 9 suggesting that promotion of AT may be an effective physical activity intervention. AT may provide a sustainable method to

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Piaolin Peng, Shaolan Ding, Zhikang Wang, Yifan Zhang and Jiahao Pan

tended to avoid high-impact load. In addition, Sun et al 12 reported that the forefoot strike pattern was associated with a longer period of peak plantar pressure on the forefoot during running. Thus, they concluded that forefoot strike pattern induced potential risk injury to the metatarsus. Evidence

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Fawaz A. Alwadani, Huaqing Liang and Alexander S. Aruin

sagittal ( My ) and frontal ( Mx ) axes were analyzed using MATLAB software R2016a (MathWorks, Natick, MA). The data were filtered using a second-order zero-phase Butterworth low-pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 20 Hz. The time-varying center of pressure (COP) displacements in the AP direction (COPAP

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Danielle M. Dobney, Scott G. Thomas, Tim Taha and Michelle Keightley

established that heart rate variability (HRV) is sensitive enough to detect changes in asymptomatic, “recovered” individuals following concussion and has the potential to be used to assess physiological recovery from traumatic brain injury. 11 – 13 Blood pressure (BP) is a commonly measured diagnostic for

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Kate Riegle van West, Cathy Stinear and Ralph Buck

, Scholz, & Schöner, 1998 ). (c) Cardiovascular function: blood pressure was taken with a standard sphygmomanometer and stethoscope, and pulse was taken manually. (d) Grip strength: pinch and hand grip were measured using a digital Baseline ® dynamometer ( Young et al., 1989 ) (e) Lower body strength: 30

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Susana Meireles, Neil D. Reeves, Richard K. Jones, Colin R. Smith, Darryl G. Thelen and Ilse Jonkers

model included an elastic foundation formulation 34 to compute cartilage contact pressures. This model was integrated into an existing lower extremity musculoskeletal model 35 with 44 musculotendon units. The lower extremity model was scaled to subject-specific segment lengths as determined in a

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Sarah P. Shultz, Jinsup Song, Andrew P. Kraszewski, Jocelyn F. Hafer, Smita Rao, Sherry Backus, Rajshree M. Hillstrom and Howard J. Hillstrom

with overuse. Planus foot types are often associated with a lower arch structure and have been linked to increased frontal plane motion and subsequently different plantar pressures across the forefoot 7 and midfoot. 8, 9 Additionally, a lower arched foot has been associated with increased risk for