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Heather J. Leach, Katie B. Potter and Mary C. Hidde

participants included in this study. Procedures This study was a pilot, 2-arm randomized controlled trial, comparing a group-dynamics-based PA intervention with an individually supervised (ie, personal training) PA intervention. Preintervention to postintervention results and details of the intervention have

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Juliana S. Oliveira, Leanne Hassett, Catherine Sherrington, Elisabeth Ramsay, Catherine Kirkham, Shona Manning and Anne Tiedemann

-sectional study involving a secondary analysis of baseline data collected as a part of two randomized controlled trials ( n  = 205, ACTRN12614000016639 and ACTRN12615001190594). The design and methodology of these trials are described in detail elsewhere ( Tiedemann et al., 2015 , 2016 ). In brief, the two

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Fatemeh Ehsani, Rozita Hedayati, Rasool Bagheri and Shapour Jaberzadeh

. (2) To compare the effect supervised progressive SE and GE on pain and disability in women with LBP. Methods Study Design The design in this study was a between-groups, triple-blinded randomized controlled trial. The study was designed to investigate the effect of SE and GE on the abdominal muscles

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Amanda L. Zaleski, Linda S. Pescatello, Kevin D. Ballard, Gregory A. Panza, William Adams, Yuri Hosokawa, Paul D. Thompson and Beth A. Taylor

Only one randomized controlled trial exists that has sought to examine the influence of compression socks worn during a marathon on muscle damage. 11 This is surprising given that marathon participation has increased 40% over the past decade. 12 Given the increasing use of compression socks for

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Katrina G. Ritter, Matthew J. Hussey and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

Levels of Evidence). 15 Of the 4 studies identified, 3 studies are case series and 1 study is a randomized control trial. Table 1 Summary of Study Designs of Articles Retrieved Level of evidence Study design Number located References 1b Randomized control trial 1 Kurowski et al 12 4 Case series 3 Leddy

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Thomas M. Newman, Giampietro L. Vairo and William E. Buckley

level II evidence research studies were surveyed for this CAT. 1 , 2 • For this CAT, 1 randomized controlled trial 3 and 3 prospective cohort studies were selected. 4 – 6 • One study found a statistically significant main effect of increased agility run times while participants wore ankle braces. 4

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Kirsty A. Fairbairn, Ingrid J.M. Ceelen, C. Murray Skeaff, Claire M. Cameron and Tracy L. Perry

to be investigated. Given that vitamin D insufficiency is common in NZ, and that cross-sectional data implies an association between vitamin D status and physical performance, a randomized controlled trial was conducted to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on athletic performance in NZ

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Carolee Winstein

randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complex interventions for recovery should be an imperative ( Campbell et al., 2000 ). We return to the issue raised earlier, “social and personal factors can have a high impact on stroke recovery in humans….and are not well modelled in preclinical research”. One noted

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Tyler L. Malone, Adam Kern, Emily Klueh and Daniel Eisenberg

relative to articles for both coping strategies. To test both hypotheses, we used a randomized controlled trial to compare video- and text-based interventions designed to deliver coping skills information to college student-athletes. Method Participants We recruited study participants via e-mail from all

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Miguel A. Sanchez-Lastra, Vicente de Dios Álvarez and Carlos Ayán Pérez

aforementioned information that has been carried out. To provide the highest level of scientific evidence, this kind of research should be based on the inclusion and detailed analysis of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have been published on the subject so far. 9 Under these circumstances, the