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Frank E. DiLiberto and Deborah A. Nawoczenski

profile of pathologies that affect midfoot integrity may better represent the effects of pathology on patient function. Posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction, diabetes mellitus, and midfoot arthritis are examples of pathologies that affect midfoot anatomy and kinematics, but have received minimal

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Selvin Balki and Hanım Eda Göktas¸

with higher extensor muscle weakness in patients with unilateral knee surgery including ACLR. 9 Reduced strength of hip flexor has been shown in a population including patients with patella or hamstring tendon ACLR. 7 In the literature, it is stated that hip muscle weakness is associated with

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Razie J. Alibazi, Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Ann M. Cools, Enayatollah Bakhshi and Alireza Aziz Ahari

individuals with GJH, there is an increased maximal stretch tolerance in the lax muscle tendon unit and impaired joint proprioception. 6 , 7 Strain and tearing of the surrounding tissues because of excessive joint motion can reduce joint position sense, stability, and coordinated movement of the joints

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anterior drawer test than the talar tilt across patients. a. True b. False 18. In the Clinical CASE Report from Turner, what imaging was used to confirm the diagnosis of supraspinatus tendon tear? a. arthrogram b. magnetic resonance imaging c. musculoskeletal ultrasound d. x-ray 19. The figure skater in

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Mohamed Abdelmegeed, Everett Lohman, Noha Daher, June Kume and Hasan M. Syed

having a close resemblance to those of low back pain in terms of severity and difficulty of management. 1 , 2 Sources of ulnar-sided wrist pain are numerous, with TFCC injuries at top of the list. Other common causes include lunotriquetral (LT) ligament 1 – 3 and extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendon

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Camila Ximenes Santos, Natália Barros Beltrão, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, João Luiz Quagliotti Durigan, David Behm and Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo

tendon in the femoral biceps and the semitendinosus). The distance from the scan location to the lateral and medial condyle was recorded so that the measurement was precisely repeated at the poststretching measure. To obtain images, a linear transducer was used, aligned longitudinally to the posterior

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Kenji Kanazawa, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Ryo Fujita, Kazuaki Suzuki, Masashi Koide, Akira Ando and Yutaka Yabe

system generates and propagates shear waves into tissues and assesses their elastic modulus 18 and has been applied to the Achilles 19 and rotator cuff tendons. 20 Furthermore, it has been used for measuring elasticity of the CHL in frozen shoulder and has demonstrated that the CHL on the affected

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Nili Steinberg, Roger Adams, Moshe Ayalon, Nadav Dotan, Shiri Bretter and Gordon Waddington

the Golgi tendon organs and muscle spindles might respond differently to different loads applied to the contracted surrounding muscles during ankle movements. 10 Another difference between WB and N-WB positions includes the different degree of stretch on the calf muscles 9 and the number of

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Xin Fu, Patrick Shu-hang Yung, Chun Cheong Ma and Hio Teng Leong

The overhead throwing movement has been reported to be the fastest athletic movement performed in sports. 1 During overhead throwing movement, high distraction forces place stress on the rotator cuff tendons and the supporting structures of the shoulder and result in shoulder pathologies. 2 These

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Grant E. Norte, Katherine R. Knaus, Chris Kuenze, Geoffrey G. Handsfield, Craig H. Meyer, Silvia S. Blemker and Joseph M. Hart

directed toward knee-extensor muscular impairments associated with bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft, morphological changes related to long-term outcomes have been observed in the knee flexors of patients with semitendinosus–gracilis (STG) tendon autograft. 22 However, these studies are nearly