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Iréné Lopez-Fontana, Carole Castanier, Christine Le Scanff and Alexandra Perrot

research in recent decades ( Andel et al., 2008 ; Kåreholt, Lennartsson, Gatz, & Parker, 2011 ). Physical activity has largely been considered a promising strategy in slowing age-related cognitive decline by maintaining brain health and neuroplasticity throughout life (see Bherer, Erickson, & Liu

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Anass Arrogi, Astrid Schotte, An Bogaerts, Filip Boen and Jan Seghers

, organizational, and environmental). 1 There is accumulating evidence supporting the effectiveness of workplace physical activity (PA) interventions. 1 – 4 At the intrapersonal level, worksite individualized counseling has been found to be efficacious. 5 More specifically, individualized PA counseling

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Anna E. Mathews, Natalie Colabianchi, Brent Hutto, Delores M. Pluto and Steve P. Hooker

Background:

The objectives of this study were to assess (1) pedestrian activity levels among adults, (2) where and why adults engage in pedestrian activity, and (3) what adults consider when deciding where to engage in pedestrian activity.

Methods:

Pedestrian activity was assessed in 12,036 California adults, ≥18 years, using a random digit-dial telephone survey.

Results:

Significant differences were identified by race, sex, age, and physical activity level in the type, location, and purpose of pedestrian activities. Men engage in pedestrian activity at work, and women engage in pedestrian activity while escorting children to school and running errands. Whites primarily engage in leisure-time pedestrian activity, and non-whites are more likely to engage in pedestrian activity for transportation. Older adults were less active than their younger counterparts.

Conclusions:

These findings should be considered by public health agencies and their partners as they continue to increase and promote opportunities for pedestrian activity. Additional research is needed to assess older adults’ physical activity patterns and preferences, barriers, and facilitators to effectively tailor physical activity promotion efforts to this at-risk group.

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Pooja S. Tandon, Tyler Sasser, Erin S. Gonzalez, Kathryn B. Whitlock, Dimitri A. Christakis and Mark A. Stein

behaviors for health. 8 Thus, there is accumulating support for the importance of all components of the movement continuum (sleep, sedentary time, and physical activity [PA]) for obesity, general health, and neurocognitive development. 9 – 11 Physical activity is a modifiable health behavior and associated

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Jonathan M. Miller, Mark A. Pereira, Julian Wolfson, Melissa N. Laska, Toben F. Nelson and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is a modifiable health behavior that protects against many chronic diseases, including heart disease and cancer. 1 Adolescence is a critical window during which MVPA declines. 2 This decline occurs earlier among girls than among boys, 2 and nonwhite

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Mohanraj Krishnan, Andrew N. Shelling, Clare R. Wall, Edwin A. Mitchell, Rinki Murphy, Lesley M.E. McCowan and John M.D. Thompson

opportunities to expend energy ( 17 ). Notably, children are becoming more obese, facilitated by the changing nature of habitual physical activity norms and the perception of a normal body image ideal ( 17 ). Often, obesity persists into adulthood and is associated with increased risk of obesity and its related

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Ellen Freiberger, Elisabeth Rydwik, Astrid Chorus, Erwin Tak, Christophe Delecluse, Federico Schena, Nina Waaler, Bob Laventure and Nico van Meeteren

In an aging society, maintaining function and independence, while coping with limitations and decline, are of utmost importance for both individual health and public health. The importance of physical activity for improved health in older persons is well documented ( Bouchard, Blair, & Haskell

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Stephen Hunter, Andrei Rosu, Kylie D. Hesketh, Ryan E. Rhodes, Christina M. Rinaldi, Wendy Rodgers, John C. Spence and Valerie Carson

Life course epidemiology suggests healthy lifestyle patterns cultivated during early childhood may reduce the chronic disease risk that accumulates over time ( 29 ). Physical activity and sedentary behavior patterns are established during the first years of life ( 2 , 15 ) and are associated with

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Andrea Torres, Bethany Tennant, Isabela Ribeiro-Lucas, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Katrina Piercy and Bonny Bloodgood

Physical activity is a leading modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases 1 , 2 that are major drivers of morbidity, disability, and health care costs in the United States. 2 The US Department of Health and Human Services released the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (guidelines

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Elin Ekblom-Bak, Örjan Ekblom, Gunnar Andersson, Peter Wallin and Björn Ekblom

Despite the well-established knowledge that physical activity (PA) is important for health and longevity, the majority of the adult population does not meet current national guidelines. 1 , 2 Even if current PA level is known to have the greatest effect on health and physical performance in