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Erica Pasquini and Melissa Thompson

the lasting impact their behavior could have on youth athletes. Phases 1–3 The final objective, providing practice using alternative coaching strategies, was allotted most of the intervention time. This objective focused on Solomon’s second suggestion, coaches attending to behavior disparities to

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Curtis Kindel and John Challis

control groups producing greater moments than the patellofemoral group. With the knee flexed as hip extension increased, the percent disparity between the joint moments of the patellofemoral group and the control group increased: (33% at −45° angle; 42% at −30° angle; 47% at −15° angle; 60% at 0° angle

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Claudia O. Alberico, J. Aaron Hipp and Rodrigo S. Reis

. PubMed ID: 26141112 doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1960-6 10.1186/s12889-015-1960-6 18. Engelberg JK , Conway TL , Geremia C , et al . Socioeconomic and race/ethnic disparities in observed park quality . BMC Public Health . 2016 ; 16 ( 1 ): 395 . doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3055-4 27176854 10.1186/s

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Daniel K. Rogers, Ian McKeown, Gaynor Parfitt, Darren Burgess and Roger G. Eston

movements, increasing biological maturity in the junior groups was associated with predominantly moderate increases in competency. For all movements except the overhead squat, the senior groups showed increased competency of a moderate to very large magnitude. The greatest disparities in competency were

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

with neutral shoes. In contrast, Butler et al 10 reported no significant differences in in-shoe foot motion between motion control and cushioned running shoes, suggesting small differences between conditions; however, no data were reported by the authors. The disparity between the studies using shoe

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Dawn M. Emerson, Toni M. Torres-McGehee, Susan W. Yeargin, Kyle Dolan and Kelcey K. deWeber

and/or in conjunction with a sport dietitian. Because the AT is often the primary source for athletes to receive hydration information, 18 clinicians should be knowledgeable regarding the supplement’s intended purpose, potential adverse effects, and educate patients on appropriate use. Disparities We

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Hamid Najafipour, Masoomeh Kahnooji, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mahboobeh Yeganeh, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Mitra Shadkam Farokhi and Ali Mirzazadeh

lifestyle habits. 9 For instance, young participants with higher socioeconomic status had healthier dietary habits but lower PA level. Therefore, socioeconomic disparities should be considered for public health interventions aiming to improve lifestyle habits. As the level of PA is influenced by various

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Pooja S. Tandon, Tyler Sasser, Erin S. Gonzalez, Kathryn B. Whitlock, Dimitri A. Christakis and Mark A. Stein

previous year. Children with more severe ADHD and lower socioeconomic status had lower odds of sports participation, which is concerning as these children are also at higher risk for psychiatric comorbidities and health disparities. These groups of children likely face additional barriers to accessing

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Matheus Hausen, Pedro Paulo Soares, Marcus Paulo Araujo, Débora Esteves, Hilbert Julio, Roberto Tauil, Marcus Junca, Flávia Porto, Emerson Franchini, Craig Alan Bridge and Jonas Gurgel

comparable V ˙ O 2 max 5 , 6 and similar 5 or lower 6 HRmax between taekwondo-specific tests and CPET. It also opposes the comparable V ˙ O 2 max and HRmax values observed in recent karate tests when compared with cycling CPET. 27 The disparity in the HRmax and V ˙ O 2 max responses between the

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Chia-Yuan Yu, Su-I Hou and Jonathan Miller

policies that promote physical health should focus on African Americans who live alone. Also, it is necessary to include the potential disparity issue as one of the selection criteria in community-based exercise programs, walking groups, and buddy systems. Mental health professionals should target Hispanic