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Seung Ho Chang, Kyungun Kim, Jihyun Lee and Sukho Lee

aged 2–19 years between 1999 and 2014. 4 Eliminating the health disparities is addressed as one of the goals of Healthy People 2010. PA behaviors among low-income and ethnic minority (LIEM) children and youths must be addressed as obesity and sedentary lifestyles in childhood frequently track into

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Phillip Post and Rebecca Palacios

 al., 2005 ; Kushi et al., 2004 ; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2018 ). The health disparities associated with childhood inactivity have led the Centers for Disease Control ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015 ) and the World Health Organization ( 2010 ) to call for greater

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Neng Wan, Ming Wen, Jessie X. Fan, O. Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Sara McCormick, Kirsten Elliott and Emily Nicolosi

Bureau ; 2010 . 2. Bacong AM , Holub C , Porotesano L . Comparing obesity-related health disparities among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, Asians, and Whites in California: reinforcing the need for data disaggregation and operationalization . Hawaii J Med Public Health . 2016 ; 75 ( 11

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Loriane Favoretto, Zach Hutchison, Claire M. Mowling and Melissa M. Pangelinan

disparities in both mental ( Einfeld, Ellis, & Emerson, 2011 ; Emerson & Hatton, 2007 ; Platt, Keyes, McLaughlin, & Kaufman, 2019 ) and physical health ( Havercamp & Scott, 2015 ; Rimmer, Yamaki, Lowry, Wang, & Vogel, 2010 ). Participation in adapted sports and physical activities offered as part of school

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

SES disadvantage propels individuals on unhealthy trajectories such as lower LTPA in adulthood suggests that policies addressing socioeconomic inequality among children may be an important route to alleviating socioeconomic health disparities in later life. These findings have important implications

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Curtis Kindel and John Challis

control groups producing greater moments than the patellofemoral group. With the knee flexed as hip extension increased, the percent disparity between the joint moments of the patellofemoral group and the control group increased: (33% at −45° angle; 42% at −30° angle; 47% at −15° angle; 60% at 0° angle

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Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

study and all participants signed an informed assent document, whereas consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Study Design Pretesting Measures Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research

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Jeanette Gustat, Christopher E. Anderson and Sandy J. Slater

PA, with only approximately 50% of adults, 5 47% of high school youth, 6 and 42% of children aged 6–11 years 7 meeting the recommendations. Disparities exist in meeting PA recommendations for children across categories of race/ethnicity, gender, age, and socioeconomic status. 8 PA behaviors

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Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo, Christopher Hawkins and Sara Iman

): 1289 – 1303 . PubMed ID: 16707199 doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.03.049 16707199 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.03.049 4. Subramanian SV , Acevedo-Garcia D , Osypuk TL . Racial residential segregation and geographic heterogeneity in black/white disparity in poor self-rated health in the US: a

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Tyler Prochnow, Thabo J. van Woudenberg and Megan S. Patterson

moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) each day 2 ; however, 80% of adolescents worldwide do not meet these recommendations. 3 Data also show a marked decline in MVPA levels throughout childhood and well into adolescence, as well as a significant disparity between sex as female children and adolescents are less