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Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

study and all participants signed an informed assent document, whereas consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Study Design Pretesting Measures Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

SES disadvantage propels individuals on unhealthy trajectories such as lower LTPA in adulthood suggests that policies addressing socioeconomic inequality among children may be an important route to alleviating socioeconomic health disparities in later life. These findings have important implications

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Dawn M. Emerson, Toni M. Torres-McGehee, Susan W. Yeargin, Kyle Dolan and Kelcey K. deWeber

and/or in conjunction with a sport dietitian. Because the AT is often the primary source for athletes to receive hydration information, 18 clinicians should be knowledgeable regarding the supplement’s intended purpose, potential adverse effects, and educate patients on appropriate use. Disparities We

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Hamid Najafipour, Masoomeh Kahnooji, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mahboobeh Yeganeh, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Mitra Shadkam Farokhi and Ali Mirzazadeh

lifestyle habits. 9 For instance, young participants with higher socioeconomic status had healthier dietary habits but lower PA level. Therefore, socioeconomic disparities should be considered for public health interventions aiming to improve lifestyle habits. As the level of PA is influenced by various

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Karin A. Pfeiffer and Michael J. Wierenga

, there are disparities evident for sport participation, with more boys than girls and more individuals from high-income households than low-income households participating, in addition to fewer opportunities and lower participation for individuals with disabilities ( National Physical Activity Plan

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Curtis Kindel and John Challis

control groups producing greater moments than the patellofemoral group. With the knee flexed as hip extension increased, the percent disparity between the joint moments of the patellofemoral group and the control group increased: (33% at −45° angle; 42% at −30° angle; 47% at −15° angle; 60% at 0° angle

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Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Marilie Laferté, Frédéric Therrien, François Lagarde and Lise Gauvin

community-based physical activity interventions: key elements for success . BMC Public Health . 2013 ; 13 : 892 . PubMed ID: 24069938 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-892 24069938 10.1186/1471-2458-13-892 37. Viswanath K . Public communications and its role in reducing and eliminating health disparities . In

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

with neutral shoes. In contrast, Butler et al 10 reported no significant differences in in-shoe foot motion between motion control and cushioned running shoes, suggesting small differences between conditions; however, no data were reported by the authors. The disparity between the studies using shoe

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Daniel K. Rogers, Ian McKeown, Gaynor Parfitt, Darren Burgess and Roger G. Eston

movements, increasing biological maturity in the junior groups was associated with predominantly moderate increases in competency. For all movements except the overhead squat, the senior groups showed increased competency of a moderate to very large magnitude. The greatest disparities in competency were

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Chia-Yuan Yu, Su-I Hou and Jonathan Miller

policies that promote physical health should focus on African Americans who live alone. Also, it is necessary to include the potential disparity issue as one of the selection criteria in community-based exercise programs, walking groups, and buddy systems. Mental health professionals should target Hispanic