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Ida A. Heikura, Louise M. Burke, Dan Bergland, Arja L.T. Uusitalo, Antti A. Mero and Trent Stellingwerff

, and BMD measurements via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, followed by 7-day food and training logs on the second week of the camp. Female athletes filled out a validated Low Energy Availability in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q 23 ). Hemoglobin Mass Total Hbmass was measured with the adapted 2-minute

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Farnoosh Mafi, Soheil Biglari, Alireza Ghardashi Afousi and Abbas Ali Gaeini

homogenize groups. The participants were recommended to have breakfast before proceeding to the research center. Their height, weight, body mass index, appendicular muscle mass index (appMMI; using Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry; GE Prodigy Lunar, Madison, WI), mobility (using the timed up and go [TUG

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Alex S. Ribeiro, Matheus A. Nascimento, Brad J. Schoenfeld, João Pedro Nunes, Andreo F. Aguiar, Edilaine F. Cavalcante, Analiza M. Silva, Luís B. Sardinha, Steven J. Fleck and Edilson S. Cyrino

week on muscle mass (estimated by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scan), and results did not indicate statistical differences between training frequencies, although thrice weekly training showed greater increases compared to the twice a week frequency (7.4% vs. 4.4%, respectively). Similarly, Lera

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Joshua T. Slysz and Jamie F. Burr

considered as the maximal voluntary contraction. Simultaneous measures of electromyography were recorded for verification of maximum with repeated tests to ensure similar or greater recruitment with consecutive trials. Muscle mass was quantified in grams of tissue using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry using

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Christopher Rosimus

accuracy of the changes in LBM. Errors in body fat assessment are associated with the skinfold caliper, and BOD POD™ (COSMED) methods could be eradicated by the use of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, due to it its recognition as the gold standard for body composition assessment. Food diary compliance

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Nessan Costello, Jim McKenna, Louise Sutton, Kevin Deighton and Ben Jones

end of the 12-week intervention period. Changes in body composition were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans (Lunar iDXA; GE Medical Systems, Sheffield, UK) and the sum of eight skinfold assessments following standard procedures ( Jones et al., 2017b ). Strength was assessed via three

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Laureen H. Smith, Devin Laurent, Erica Baumker and Rick L. Petosa

was calculated for age and gender. The Tanita portable professional grade bioelectrial impedance analyzer has been found to be valid and reliable in estimating BMI and the percentage of body fat in adolescents when compared with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). 26 – 28 Height was obtained by

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Laura S. Kox, P. Paul F.M. Kuijer, Dagmar A.J. Thijssen, Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs, Rick R. van Rijn, Monique H.W. Frings-Dresen and Mario Maas

assess BMC is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The results of the 9 studies describing BMC measurements are reported in Online Supplementary File 3 . 28 , 30 , 32 , 37 , 40 , 42 , 44 , 46 , 48 All 9 studies were of moderate quality and 8 described active athletes. One study included former

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Darryn S. Willoughby, Kaitlan N. Beretich, Marcus Chen and LesLee K. Funderburk

CAF, the secondary purpose was to determine if RT had any effect on reducing these levels. Methods Experimental Design This was a two-group parallel study in which the participants were considered either PERI-M or POST-M. A dual energy X-ray absorptiometry analysis, venous blood samples

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Rachel Massie, James Smallcombe and Keith Tolfrey

free-living EI and EE behaviors were assessed preintervention (week 0), midintervention (week 6), postintervention (week 12), and after a 6-week follow-up period (week 18). Laboratory-based measures of EI were collected in weeks 0, 12, and 18. Body composition data dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA