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Juha Yoon and Alex Chinhoo Gang

stadia built for the Olympic Games we have the infrastructure necessary to develop the base for both ice and snow events. Prior to this Olympics, it was evident that many of the resources were invested in ice events, while snow events gained less attention. This imbalance can be properly addressed with

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Joshua Twaites, Richard Everson, Joss Langford and Melvyn Hillsdon

). The formula for computation is: MCC = ( TN × TP ) − ( FP × FN ) ( TP + FP ) × ( TP + FN ) × ( TN + FP ) × ( TN + FN ) where TP, FP, TN and FN stand for the numbers of True Positives, False Positives, True Negatives and False Negatives, respectively. Due to the imbalanced nature of the data sets

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Tanya R. Prewitt-White

administrators can protect the integrity of the organization and might also help prevent sexual exploitation ( Cense & Brackenridge, 2001 ; Wurtele, 2012 ). Additionally, in terms of education for athletic administrators, having an awareness that a power imbalance between men and women is regarded as a

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Kevin C. Miller, Brendon P. McDermott and Susan W. Yeargin

curve indicating a useful test for identifying exercise-associated muscle cramping-prone athletes ( p  < .01). Discussion Contrary to the dehydration/electrolyte imbalance theory ( Bergeron, 2008 ) and our hypothesis, cramp-prone athletes did not lose more sweat or electrolytes than noncrampers. Our

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Marissa J. Basar, Justin M. Stanek, Daniel D. Dodd and Rebecca L. Begalle

from imbalances in muscular strength, deficits in neuromuscular control, or presence of asymmetries, it can ultimately compromise an individual’s physical performance. 1 , 3 – 6 When an individual possesses movement dysfunction, their quality of life and ability to physically perform potentially

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Francini Vilela Novais, Eduardo J. Simoes, Chester Schmaltz and Luiz R. Ramos

 = unbiased estimate of η 2 . a Adjusted model included sex and nonlinear splines for both preintervention leisure-time physical activity and age effect. * P  < .05. Despite randomization of subjects into intervention groups, there were small imbalances at the study baseline for minutes of LTPA per week and

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Elizabeth A. Schlenk, G. Kelley Fitzgerald, Joan C. Rogers, C. Kent Kwoh and Susan M. Sereika

data anomalies (e.g., outliers, missing data, group imbalances, etc.). Missing data were largely due to participant attrition and appeared to be either missing completely at random (not related to missing or observed data) or missing at random (not related to missing data). Outliers were identified for

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Amy J. Hector and Stuart M. Phillips

calories too severely, particularly below 30 kcal/kg fat-free mass, which would be roughly equivalent to resting metabolic rate for most people ( Loucks et al., 2011 ). For example, in natural male body builders, prolonged low energy availability can result in loss of LBM, hormonal imbalances

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Doo Jae Park, Na Ri Shin, Synthia Sydnor and Caitlin Clarke

countries such as Russia and the United States ( Levenson, 2014 ; Samuels, 2016 ). The partner problem is likely related to the perception of figure skating as a feminine sport ( MacArthur et al., 2017 ). Due to the gendered perception of the sport, males are less likely to participate. 3 The imbalance of

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Chris Wagstaff, Rebecca Hings, Rebecca Larner and David Fletcher

potentially confounding effects of the athlete sample’s demographics. That is, a sample of largely young ( M  = 21 years), male (57%), competitive athletes (37%) was included. Despite the moderate imbalance toward nonelite young men, we do not believe that the data were biased or unrepresentative of