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Neil Armstrong

-requisite for elite performance in many sports. However, V ˙ O 2 max does not define all aspects of aerobic fitness. Cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPETs), which rely solely on V ˙ O 2 max , may mask clinical insights that can be gleaned from submaximal data and/or relationships between physiological

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Keren Susan Cherian, Ashok Sainoji, Balakrishna Nagalla and Venkata Ramana Yagnambhatt

necessary preconditions ( 15 ). Every day at 6 AM, 3 to 4 JSPs were recruited and allowed to rest for 30 minutes in a supine position and in an awakened state, during which the Oxycon mobile was calibrated with known gas concentrations. The face mask was positioned on each participant, and it was connected

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Jungyun Hwang, I-Min Lee, Austin M. Fernandez, Charles H. Hillman and Amy Shirong Lu

session to see the difference of the amount and pattern of upper or lower movement by weight status. Energy Expenditure After calibrating the metabolic analyzer in accordance with the manufacturer’s manual, we fitted a rubber face mask (Hans Rudolph Inc, Kansas City, MO) and then tested to ensure that

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Colin J. Lewis, Simon J. Roberts, Hazel Andrews and Rebecca Sawiuk

sorting out the course evaluation forms. Deep in conversation, I remember Gavin turning his back on the group; presumably to mask his facial expression, but it was obvious from his incessant nodding that whatever was being discussed had his agreement. After a short discussion Gavin placed the evaluation

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K. Andrew R. Richards, Nicholas Washburn and Ye Hoon Lee

reinforce and extend the existing emotional labor literature highlighting the negative consequences of surface acting as an emotional labor strategy in which participants have to mask their true emotions in their outward display ( Kammeyer-Mueller et al., 2013 ; Lee, 2019 ). In addition to prompting

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Yi-Fen Shih, Ya-Fang Lee and Wen-Yin Chen

. When the target position was achieved, the participant pushed the switch on the stylus to record the kinematic data. Vision and hearing were shielded by eye masks and earplugs to minimize possible influence from additional feedback. Three testing trials of the scapular elevation and scapular

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Justin Kompf

standpoint, the RAI may mask the distinct effects of different types of regulations on behavior. 54 The study by Brickell and Chatzisarantis 37 was the only research to examine the implementation intentions and specific behavioral regulation for exercise. Identified regulation had an indirect effect on

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Dana M. Lis, Daniel Kings and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

intake by selecting energy-dense foods and by reducing fiber-rich foods. It is also important to note that a vegetarian diet may be used by some track-and-field athletes to mask restrictive eating or an eating disorder ( Cialdella-Kam et al., 2016) . Macronutrients: Protein, Carbohydrate, and Fat A

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Richard E. Tahtinen and Hafrun Kristjansdottir

). This socialization process may be especially prevalent within the sport culture where masking vulnerability ( Doherty, Hannigan, & Campbell, 2016 ) and exhibiting toughness, and ignoring or downplaying injury may be highly valued ( Martin, 2005 ; Steinfeldt, Steinfeldt, England, & Speight, 2009

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April Karlinsky and Nicola J. Hodges

study and presumably others involving dyad practice (e.g.,  Granados & Wulf, 2007 ; Shea et al., 1999 ), an experimenter was present within all conditions. As such, any potential social facilitation effects would have been moderated by the presence of the experimenter potentially masking differences