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Max R. Paquette and Daniel A. Melcher

running trials, participants were asked to complete a 5-minute warm-up on the treadmill at their self-selected long run pace. Retroreflective markers were placed on the right lower extremity and pelvis based on a previously published marker convention. 26 A 1-second static calibration trial was recorded

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Sunghoon Shin and Jacob J. Sosnoff

, Harrison, & Troyanovich, 1999 ). For example, Bolin et al. ( 2000 ) reported that persons with SCI have impaired balance with a C-shaped sitting posture and a posteriorly tilted pelvis (about 15°) compared with noninjured persons in a neutral position. In addition, Andersson et al. ( 1974 ) showed that the

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Brent I. Smith, Denice Curtis and Carrie L. Docherty

validated by Thorborg et al. 38 For hip abduction strength testing, the HHD was placed 10 cm proximal to the lateral femoral epicondyle and the hip was placed in approximately 30° of abduction. The contralateral hip was flexed to 90° and neutral relative to rotation. The examiner stabilized the pelvis to

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Janina M. Prado-Rico and Marcos Duarte

and the pelvis in that posture. In the late 19th century, Vierordt ( 1864 ) was likely the first to quantitatively measure postural sway during standing; he employed a device that measured the sway of the head. Neither Borelli nor Vierordt measured the forces on the feet, although they acknowledged

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Gislaine S. Kogure, Cristiana L. Miranda-Furtado, Daiana C.C. Pedroso, Victor B. Ribeiro, Matheus C. Eiras, Rafael C. Silva, Lisandra C. Caetano, Rui A. Ferriani, Rodrigo T. Calado and Rosana M. dos Reis

, and laterally by vertical lines along the rib cage, and the android region, bounded inferiorly by the pelvis and superiorly by an horizontal line localized at 20% of the distance between the pelvis and the line below the chin. The following variables of fat distribution were calculated: total body fat

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John R. Harry, Leland A. Barker, Jeffrey D. Eggleston and Janet S. Dufek

position after landing. No more than 11 trials were needed per participant to successfully complete the required 8 trials. A 4-segment model was built from the raw marker trajectories in the Visual 3D software suite (C-Motion Inc, Germantown, MD). Specifically, the model included the pelvis, thigh, leg

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Genki Hatano, Shigeyuki Suzuki, Shingo Matsuo, Satoshi Kataura, Kazuaki Yokoi, Taizan Fukaya, Mitsuhiro Fujiwara, Yuji Asai and Masahiro Iwata

during stretching (B) as seen from the left side. (A) The seat of the dynamometer was maximally raised, and a wedge-shaped cushion was inserted between the trunk and backrest, creating a seat face-back angle of approximately 60°. The subjects were seated in this position and their chest, pelvis, and

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Dimitrios-Sokratis Komaris, Cheral Govind, Andrew Murphy, Alistair Ewen and Philip Riches

of the position of the hands, irregular movement strategies were classified and clustered among the 3 major clusters of the 3-cluster solution. At trials A3, A4, and Q5, participants kept their hand(s) close to the seat at the height of their pelvis until completion of the standing movement. As a

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

following the manufacturer’s guidelines. To define the foot, shank, thigh, and pelvis, 14-mm retroreflective markers were attached to the right limb at the following locations: first and fifth metatarsal heads, medial and lateral malleoli, medial and lateral femoral epicondyles, and bilaterally to the

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Il-young Yu, Dong-kyu Lee, Myoung-Joo Kang and Jae-seop Oh

upper arm with opposite hand, but because it is supported by the attachment cuff of isokinetic dynamometer subjects supported the above the distal part of upper arm during SWE in this study (Figure  1C ). The trunk and pelvis of each subject was fixed with a strap so that the compensatory movements of