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Francisco J. Vera-Garcia, Diego López-Plaza, Casto Juan-Recio and David Barbado

19 : (1) lumbopelvic postural control tests, based on clinical concepts of spine stability/instability (eg, “the ability to control motion of the lumbar spine and pelvis relative to an arbitrarily defined neutral position”) 20 and measuring the ability to maintain a given lumbopelvic position in

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Shiho Goto, Naoko Aminaka and Phillip A. Gribble

extension for GMAX, hip adduction for AL, and knee extension for VM 3 times for 5 seconds in each muscle with a 2-minute interval between trials. The GMED MVIC was measured with participants in the side-lying position on a treatment table with the testing limb on top, while the pelvis was stabilized with a

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Lauren A. Brown, Eric E. Hall, Caroline J. Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Thomas A. Buckley, David R. Howell and Srikant Vallabhajosula

clinical setting along with gait testing by clinicians. This is particularly important because turning is a complex motor task that involves multisegmental rotation and temporal coordination of head, trunk, and pelvis while maintaining postural stability of the whole body. Previous research reported that

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Jeffrey C. Cowley, Steven T. McCaw, Kelly R. Laurson and Michael R. Torry

landing. Jump height was measured as the difference between the maximum height of the pelvis center of mass during the jump and the standing height of the pelvis center of mass. In children, jump height increases with age, standing height, and mass ( 2 ). To assess whether differences in jump height were

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Kym J. Williams, Dale W. Chapman, Elissa J. Phillips and Nick Ball

to define the foot (calcaneus, proximal phalanx of the big toe, and proximal phalanx of little toe), pelvis (left and right anterior superior iliac spine and posterior superior iliac spine), and trunk (clavicle, sternum, C7 vertebra, and T10 vertebra). 29 The athlete’s center-of-mass (COM) position

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Yi-Ju Tsai, Chieh-Chie Chia, Pei-Yun Lee, Li-Chuan Lin and Yi-Liang Kuo

participation in volleyball grows, it is necessary to have effective prevention programs for knee injuries in volleyball athletes. Core stability is defined as the ability to control the position and movement of the trunk over the pelvis. 5 Anatomically, the region between the diaphragm, abdominal muscles

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Sunghoon Shin and Jacob J. Sosnoff

, Harrison, & Troyanovich, 1999 ). For example, Bolin et al. ( 2000 ) reported that persons with SCI have impaired balance with a C-shaped sitting posture and a posteriorly tilted pelvis (about 15°) compared with noninjured persons in a neutral position. In addition, Andersson et al. ( 1974 ) showed that the

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Max R. Paquette and Daniel A. Melcher

running trials, participants were asked to complete a 5-minute warm-up on the treadmill at their self-selected long run pace. Retroreflective markers were placed on the right lower extremity and pelvis based on a previously published marker convention. 26 A 1-second static calibration trial was recorded

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Gislaine S. Kogure, Cristiana L. Miranda-Furtado, Daiana C.C. Pedroso, Victor B. Ribeiro, Matheus C. Eiras, Rafael C. Silva, Lisandra C. Caetano, Rui A. Ferriani, Rodrigo T. Calado and Rosana M. dos Reis

, and laterally by vertical lines along the rib cage, and the android region, bounded inferiorly by the pelvis and superiorly by an horizontal line localized at 20% of the distance between the pelvis and the line below the chin. The following variables of fat distribution were calculated: total body fat

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Adam E. Jagodinsky, Christopher Wilburn, Nick Moore, John W. Fox and Wendi H. Weimar

&L Engineering, Tustin, CA) were attached bilaterally on the pelvis, thigh, shank, and foot of each participant for motion capture (Table  2 ). Calibration markers were utilized to estimate joint centers from a static calibration trial and were removed prior to walking trials. Measurement of segment motion was