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Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino and Hiroyuki Shimada

equivalents while in a sitting or reclining position. Sedentary time is both a determinant and consequence of disease progression in CKD, with physical inactivity and low physical functioning associated with increased mortality in dialysis patients ( O’Hare, Tawney, Bacchetti, & Johansen, 2003 ). Furthermore

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Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Celina Shirazipour and Krystn Orr

physical activity interventions (both lifestyle physical activity and exercise) for improving physical functioning, psychological well-being, and/or physical activity participation in persons with disabilities. One of the strengths highlighted in this line of research is its diverse use of intervention

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Melissa Bittner

/severe disabilities and students with limited mobility (e.g., Motor Activity Training Program, [ Special Olympics International, 1989 ], CTAPE and LaMAP Assessment Supplement [ Louisiana Department of Education, 2015 ]). In Chapter 7, the authors progress to discussing the topic of physical function (e

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Michael J. LaMonte, I-Min Lee, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, John Bellettiere, Kelly R. Evenson, David M. Buchner, Chongzhi Di, Cora E. Lewis, Dori E. Rosenberg, Marcia L. Stefanick and Andrea Z. LaCroix

measures are, overall and according to participant age, race/ethnicity, body mass index, and physical functioning level; and (3) whether associations with prevalence of poor health status is similar for questionnaire and device measures, after adjusting for potential confounding factors. Methods Study

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Heather J. Leach, Katie B. Potter and Mary C. Hidde

cancer treatments have on fatigue, 2 , 3 physical function, 4 , 5 and quality of life, 6 and may reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease, cancer-related mortality, and all-cause mortality. 7 – 10 Breast cancer survivors’ PA tends to decline and remain low following treatment, 11 , 12 and previous

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Ece Acar, Tamer Çankaya and Serkan Öner

, physical function, and physical role difficulty scores were applied as subscale of short form-36. Thickness of trunk muscles was determined with anteroposterior (AP) diameter measurement using ultrasound imaging in upper rectus abdominis (URA), central rectus abdominis (CRA), lower rectus abdominis (LRA

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Janet E. Simon, Dustin R. Grooms and Carrie L. Docherty

reduces region-specific and generic HRQOL. 17 A common measure of generic HRQOL is the short form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2). 16 The SF-36v2 is a widely used 36-item questionnaire that is used to measure an individual’s perception of his or her overall health status and physical functioning. The

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Oleg Zaslavsky, Yan Su, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Inthira Roopsawang and Andrea Z. LaCroix

, and BMI were collected clinically during the LLS home visit. The SPPB included timed gait speed, repeated chair stands, and a balance test and was scored from 0 to 12 (a higher score represented better physical functioning) based on the sum of the three individual tests ( Guralnik et al., 1994 ). Grip

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Rachel R. Kleis, Janet E. Simon, Michael Turner, Luzita I. Vela, Abbey C. Thomas and Phillip A. Gribble

factors, including markers of general health, should be examined. Body mass index (BMI) provides an estimate of body composition, with high BMI suggesting high body fat presence. 31 High BMI is associated with poor physical function 32 – 34 and HRQoL, 33 as well as increased risk of cardiovascular

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Mary O. Whipple, Erica N. Schorr, Kristine M.C. Talley, Ruth Lindquist, Ulf G. Bronas and Diane Treat-Jacobson

heterogeneity among older adults with respect to health, physical function, work and leisure activities, and social environment ( Lowsky, Olshansky, Bhattacharya, & Goldman, 2014 ). This is supported by limited evidence from resistance training studies, which suggests that variation in training adaptations may