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Hannah G. Calvert, Lindsey Turner, Julien Leider, Elizabeth Piekarz-Porter and Jamie F. Chriqui

Education Statistics. 42 Region was coded based on the U.S. census region 43 of the state where each school was located. Urbanicity included 3 categories (urban, suburban, and rural). Total student enrollment was categorized in 3 levels to indicate school size (<500, 500–999, and ≥1000). Race/ethnicity of

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Laura Prior and Matthew Curtner-Smith

Setting A total of 10 elementary physical education teachers working in public schools within one southeastern American state participated in this study. They were purposefully selected so that our sample included teachers of both genders and different races who were employed in rural and suburban schools

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Kirsi E. Keskinen, Merja Rantakokko, Kimmo Suomi, Taina Rantanen and Erja Portegijs

evidence either inconclusive or inconsistent ( Barnett et al., 2017 ; Cerin et al., 2017 ; Van Cauwenberg et al., 2018 ). In previous studies, neighborhoods have been characterized as urban/rural ( Lee & Park, 2015 ), urban/suburban/rural ( Hanibuchi, Kawachi, Nakaya, Hirai, & Kondo, 2011 ; Maisel, 2016

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Ray M. Merrill

protective against cardiovascular diseases, death from certain cancers, diabetes, and obesity, 22 – 25 which, in turn, may result in greater physical activity. Job types vary between urban and rural areas, with jobs in rural settings tending to be more physically demanding. Researchers have found that

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Mats Hallgren, Andreas Lundin, James Mugisha and Ai Koyanagi

factors (e.g., somatic health, psychological wellbeing), social context (e.g., wealth and living arrangements), and environmental factors (e.g., urban or rural setting) interact to affect the opportunities for physically active lifestyles. In addition to these variables, we were also interested to measure

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Tyler Prochnow, Haley Delgado, Megan S. Patterson and M. Renée Umstattd Meyer

“underserved.” Children living in rural, low socioeconomic status, and/or communities of color are at greater risk of not meeting PA guidelines, 70 , 71 – 74 and therefore would benefit greatly from interventions and strategies to improve PA. Taylor et al 75 found many significant differences in how various

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Weimo Zhu and Ang Chen

responsibility orientation more. In Ennis and Chen’s 1995 study, the VOI-2 was administered to physical education teachers from three rural ( n  = 186) and three urban ( n  = 295) districts. The collected data were also analyzed using a nested MANOVA model to determine the impact of school location, teaching

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Jamee A. Pelcher and Brian P. McCullough

collegiate athletic departments benchmarking 1-, 5-, and 10-year goals for the strategic plan. Smallville University Smallville University (SU) is a coeducational public regional university in a small, rural town located in North Carolina. Smallville has a population of approximately 9,000 residents. The

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Susana Andrade, Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Wilma Freire, Natalia Romero-Sandoval, Daniel Orellana, Teodoro Contreras, José Luis Pillco, Jessica Sacta, Diana Andrade Muñoz, Patricia Ramírez, Miguel Martin and Silvana Donoso

-perception of body image and factors related with it . OJEpi . 2014 ; 4 ( 3 ): 122 – 128 . doi:10.4236/ojepi.2014.43017 10.4236/ojepi.2014.43017 8. Andrade S , Ochoa-Avilés A , Lachat C , et al . Physical fitness among urban and rural Ecuadorian adolescents and its association with blood lipids: a

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Evelin Mäestu, Merike Kull, Kerli Mooses, Jarek Mäestu, Maret Pihu, Andre Koka, Lennart Raudsepp and Jaak Jürimäe

different age groups, thus representative studies for different age groups and in different areas (e.g., rural areas and small towns are less investigated) are needed for all indicators. Conclusion The results of the present Report Card showed that there is some improvement in PA, but the proportion of