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Soubhagyalaxmi Mohanty, Balaram Pradhan and Alex Hankey

/(height in meter squared). Handgrip Strength Test Handgrip strength of both hands was assessed using a handgrip dynamometer (model 76618; Lafayette Instruments). The following standardized testing position for measuring grip strength was used, as suggested by the American Society of Hand Therapists: the

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Michael Wälchli, Jan Ruffieux,, Audrey Mouthon, Martin Keller and Wolfgang Taube

. COP indicates center of pressure; INT, intervention; CON, control. * P  = .012. Figure 2 —RTD for explosive strength test in an isometric right-leg plantar flexion (interaction: P  = .040; η p 2 = .06 ; INT: r  = .33). Black dots and lines represent all INT groups and gray dots and lines represent

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

SPPB. Furthermore, differences in muscle function were analyzed (strength, voluntary activation, and fatigability). We hypothesize that scores on the strength tests and the SPPB differ between persons with and without radiographic knee OA. Methods Participants After local institutional review board

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Thom T.J. Veeger, Annemarie M.H. de Witte, Monique A.M. Berger, Rienk M.A. van der Slikke, Dirkjan (H.E.J.) Veeger and Marco J.M. Hoozemans

of Granados et al, 7 who reported that forces assessed using multiple strength tests were significantly higher in athletes of a First-Division team compared to athletes of a Third-Division team. Wheelchair athletes that are able to produce higher forces on the hand rim are likely to reach higher

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Brent I. Smith, Denice Curtis and Carrie L. Docherty

validated by Thorborg et al. 38 For hip abduction strength testing, the HHD was placed 10 cm proximal to the lateral femoral epicondyle and the hip was placed in approximately 30° of abduction. The contralateral hip was flexed to 90° and neutral relative to rotation. The examiner stabilized the pelvis to

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Rodney Y. L. Wong, Patrick S. H. Yung and H. T. Leong

elbow flexion, 14 , 16 to approximate the upper-limb position in an overhead throwing motion during softball passing. The range of motion was limited to 90° ER and 0° IR as proposed being comfortable to and not injuring the participants. 13 , 14 Isokinetic strength test was performed concentrically at

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Simon Gavanda, Stephan Geisler, Oliver Jan Quittmann and Thorsten Schiffer

anthropometric analysis and maximal strength testing. In the second session, participants were tested for power and sprint ability. Each testing session was performed at the same time of the day, and all tests were carried out by the same researcher during each of the test dates. Anthropometry Body mass was

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Anna Lina Rahlf, Klaus-Michael Braumann and Astrid Zech

placed on the lateral epicondyle of the femur. Knee-flexion ROM was defined as the maximum deviation from the neutral zero position. 37 Subjects performed the active knee flexion independently. All tests were conducted in a fixed order with strength test at last to avoid exhaustion while testing

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Élvio R. Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Bruna R. Gouveia, Matthias Kliegel, Adilson Marques and Duarte L. Freitas

older adults, to slow down body MM losses, as well as to prevent and even reverse balance impairments. Furthermore, our results support that these upper and lower body strength tests ( Rikli & Jones, 2013 ) can be easily integrated in the clinical practice as good indicator of MM in older people

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Emily Arentson-Lantz, Elfego Galvan, Adam Wacher, Christopher S. Fry and Douglas Paddon-Jones

., Shirley, NY) on Days 2 and 12. Peak aerobic capacity (VO 2 peak) (Monark Ergomedic 828E; Monark Exercise, Vansbro, Sweden) was assessed using graded cycle ergometry (Vmax Encore 29; CareFusion, Yorba Linda, CA) approximately 2 hr following strength testing on study Days 2 and 12. A standard 75-g oral