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Anna E. Mathews, Natalie Colabianchi, Brent Hutto, Delores M. Pluto and Steve P. Hooker

Background:

The objectives of this study were to assess (1) pedestrian activity levels among adults, (2) where and why adults engage in pedestrian activity, and (3) what adults consider when deciding where to engage in pedestrian activity.

Methods:

Pedestrian activity was assessed in 12,036 California adults, ≥18 years, using a random digit-dial telephone survey.

Results:

Significant differences were identified by race, sex, age, and physical activity level in the type, location, and purpose of pedestrian activities. Men engage in pedestrian activity at work, and women engage in pedestrian activity while escorting children to school and running errands. Whites primarily engage in leisure-time pedestrian activity, and non-whites are more likely to engage in pedestrian activity for transportation. Older adults were less active than their younger counterparts.

Conclusions:

These findings should be considered by public health agencies and their partners as they continue to increase and promote opportunities for pedestrian activity. Additional research is needed to assess older adults’ physical activity patterns and preferences, barriers, and facilitators to effectively tailor physical activity promotion efforts to this at-risk group.

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Philip von Rosen and Maria Hagströmer

Across a 24-hour day, time is disproportionately spent in different movement behaviors, such as sleep, sedentary, or active behaviors, influencing important health outcomes such as self-rated health. 1 – 3 The ability to perform daily activities without limitations, such as time spent in

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Frances Bevington, Katrina L. Piercy, Kate Olscamp, Sandra W. Hilfiker, Dena G. Fisher and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

Physical activity has been described as a wonder drug—a low-cost, accessible solution with the ability to impact many chronic health conditions and health outcomes. Regular physical activity influences all-cause mortality, brain health, risk of falls, bone health, weight status, and conditions such

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Tracy Nau, Karen Lee, Ben J. Smith, William Bellew, Lindsey Reece, Peter Gelius, Harry Rutter and Adrian Bauman

Action Plan on Physical Activity (GAPPA) 10 has stipulated 4 strategic objectives including “active societies,” “active environments,” “active people,” and “active systems,” while identifying explicit policy actions to guide the comprehensive approach required to tackle inactivity within populations

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Carol M. Vos, Denise M. Saint Arnault, Laura M. Struble, Nancy A. Gallagher and Janet L. Larson

Assisted living (AL) residents engage in very low levels of physical activity (PA) ( Krol-Zielinska, Kusy, Zielinski, & Osinski, 2010 ), and this is a problem. Most activities revolve around participation in self-care, such as bathing and dressing ( Resnick, Galik, Gruber-Baldini, & Zimmerman, 2011

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Aysha M. Thomas, Kayleigh M. Beaudry, Kimbereley L. Gammage, Panagiota Klentrou and Andrea R. Josse

There is a large body of evidence supporting the essential role of regular physical activity (PA) and exercise for the maintenance of good health and well-being. 1 Although most university students are aware of the benefits of PA and structured exercise, previous literature demonstrates that the

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Angela Maria Hoyos-Quintero and Herney Andrés García-Perdomo

Physical activity brings benefits to human health, reducing the risk of suffering from chronic noncommunicable diseases. Its performance depends on both internal and external factors, which has led researchers to emphasize social factors as decisive in human health. As the behaviors acquired in

Open access

Viviene A. Temple, Dawn L. Lefebvre, Stephanie C. Field, Jeff R. Crane, Beverly Smith and Patti-Jean Naylor

-being of children ( Cushon, Vu, Janzen, & Muhajarine, 2011 ), children’s physical activity levels ( Simen-Kapeu & Veugelers, 2010 ; Singh, Kogan, Siahpush, & van Dyck, 2008 ), and school readiness ( Santos, Brownell, & Ekuma, 2012 ). Disadvantage in childhood is also associated with the manifestation of

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Chih-Yen Chang and Tsung-Min Hung

. Titles and abstracts were published in English; the studies were published between 1984 and April 2019; the electronic databases used included ISI Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus; and keywords and search terms included sport, attention/golf/shooting, and electroencephalographic (EEG)/cortical activity

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Gregory W. Heath and John Bilderback

Recent evidence suggests that policies and environmental approaches that support urban design and land use at the community and street/neighborhood level contributes to physical activity and active living among residents of communities. 1 , 2 However, there is a paucity of studies examining