support ( Allen & Shaw, 2013 ). Unfortunately, this research paints a rather bleak picture of the plight of women coaches. LaVoi and Dutove’s ( 2012 ) literature review of barriers and supports for women coaches provided a useful examination of both sides and different levels of the picture using
Justine B. Allen and Colleen Reid
Gregory A. Cranmer and Sara LaBelle
forwarded as potential barriers to athletes’ reporting of concussion symptoms, including their knowledge and attitudes about concussions, the availability of medical staff, and athletes’ desire to both continue to play and not let their teammates and coaches down ( Chrisman, Quitiquit, & Rivara, 2013
the key and recurrent themes that emerged from analysis of the interviews with the women coach developers. These themes described the key factors that served to influence the degree of organizational fit that the participants experienced and that often acted as cultural barriers. As the first study of
Professor Barbara Drinkwater has been a lifelong champion of equality for women in many areas of life, well before it was widely accepted. Her “walking the walk” of women breaking barriers in traditional male roles in administration and leadership is exemplified by her election as the first woman
Matthew Katz, Nefertiti A. Walker and Lauren C. Hindman
their opinions sought. Thus, a designated seat does not guarantee female leaders the same experiences, treatment, or access as their male counterparts. Among the barriers for women seeking leadership positions noted by previous scholars, social processes represent the most salient factor inhibiting the
N.A. Gallaghe, P.J. Clarke, C. Loveland-Cherry, D.L. Ronis and K.A. Gretebeck
This cross-sectional study examined the association of self-efficacy with neighborhood walking in older adult (mean age = 76.1, SD = 8.34) fallers (n = 108) and nonfallers (n = 217) while controlling for demographic characteristics and mobility. Hierarchical multiple regression indicated that the full model explained 39% of the variance in neighborhood walking in fallers (P < .001) and 24% in nonfallers (P < .001). Self-efficacy explained 23% of the variance in fallers (P < .001) and 11% in nonfallers (P < .001). Neighborhood walking was significantly associated with self-efficacy for individual barriers in both groups. Self-efficacy for neighborhood barriers trended toward significance in fallers (β = .18, P = .06). Fall history did not moderate the relationship between self-efficacy and neighborhood walking. Walking interventions for older adults should address self-efficacy in overcoming individual walking barriers. Those targeting fallers should consider addressing self-efficacy for overcoming neighborhood barriers.
Annie Holt, Andy H. Lee, Jonine Jancey, Deborah Kerr and Peter Howat
This study investigated physical activity (PA) facilities of retirement villages (RVs) and neighborhood PA barriers identified by RV residents in Perth, Australia.
An environmental audit of PA facilities was undertaken on 50 RV with 50+ independent living units, using the Audit of Physical Activity Resources for Seniors. Telephone interviews with 200 RV residents were conducted to identify neighborhood barriers to walking, and to obtain information on utilization of facilities and attendance of PA programs.
Larger size RV appeared to provide significantly more PA facilities and programs. Utilization of PA facilities and program attendance were low (≈ 50%) and not associated with the RV environment (size, age, and facilities). Neighborhood barriers to walking were unsafe streets and hills.
RV offers an attractive residential option with facilities that support active aging, but it is important to understand the barriers and enablers to use such facilities and attend programs offered.
Lynette L. Craft, Frank M. Perna, Karen M. Freund and Larry Culpepper
Exercise effectively reduces symptoms of depression. However, correlates of regular exercise in depressed women are unknown. This study assessed psychosocial determinants of exercise in a sample of women with depressive symptoms.
Sixty-one women completed demographic, depression, and exercise-related questionnaires.
The average Primary Health Ques-tionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) depression score was 12.1 (SD = 5.0), indicating moderate depressive symptoms. In the previous week, the women reported 12.8 metabolic equivalents (METs) of exercise. Low levels of self-efficacy and social support for exercise were also reported. Depressive symptoms were positively associated with barriers to exercise (r = .35, P < .01), and barriers were inversely related to exercise METs (r = –.37, P < .05). Barriers to activity and education level were significant determinants of exercise.
Women with depressive symptoms report minimal exercise involvement, numerous barriers to exercise, and low exercise self-efficacy and social support for exercise.
Dylan Brennan, Aleksandra A. Zecevic, Shannon L. Sibbald and Volker Nolte
were moderately to vigorously active ( Colley et al., 2011 ). Schutzer and Graves ( 2004 ) reported that the most common barriers for involvement in physical activity among sedentary older adults were poor health, injury, and pain. On the opposite side, Franke et al. ( 2013 ) reported that the key
Lindsay T. Starling and Michael I. Lambert
confidence of which variables to measure leads them to record several variables to ensure that they do not miss any important information. 14 They highlighted that the lack of evidence for the reliability, validity, and usefulness of the measurements is a barrier for their effectiveness. 14 This accounts