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Loriane Favoretto, Zach Hutchison, Claire M. Mowling and Melissa M. Pangelinan

disparities in both mental ( Einfeld, Ellis, & Emerson, 2011 ; Emerson & Hatton, 2007 ; Platt, Keyes, McLaughlin, & Kaufman, 2019 ) and physical health ( Havercamp & Scott, 2015 ; Rimmer, Yamaki, Lowry, Wang, & Vogel, 2010 ). Participation in adapted sports and physical activities offered as part of school

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

SES disadvantage propels individuals on unhealthy trajectories such as lower LTPA in adulthood suggests that policies addressing socioeconomic inequality among children may be an important route to alleviating socioeconomic health disparities in later life. These findings have important implications

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Karin A. Pfeiffer and Michael J. Wierenga

, there are disparities evident for sport participation, with more boys than girls and more individuals from high-income households than low-income households participating, in addition to fewer opportunities and lower participation for individuals with disabilities ( National Physical Activity Plan

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Erica Pasquini and Melissa Thompson

the lasting impact their behavior could have on youth athletes. Phases 1–3 The final objective, providing practice using alternative coaching strategies, was allotted most of the intervention time. This objective focused on Solomon’s second suggestion, coaches attending to behavior disparities to

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Daniel K. Rogers, Ian McKeown, Gaynor Parfitt, Darren Burgess and Roger G. Eston

movements, increasing biological maturity in the junior groups was associated with predominantly moderate increases in competency. For all movements except the overhead squat, the senior groups showed increased competency of a moderate to very large magnitude. The greatest disparities in competency were

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Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

study and all participants signed an informed assent document, whereas consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Study Design Pretesting Measures Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research

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Pooja S. Tandon, Tyler Sasser, Erin S. Gonzalez, Kathryn B. Whitlock, Dimitri A. Christakis and Mark A. Stein

previous year. Children with more severe ADHD and lower socioeconomic status had lower odds of sports participation, which is concerning as these children are also at higher risk for psychiatric comorbidities and health disparities. These groups of children likely face additional barriers to accessing

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Matheus Hausen, Pedro Paulo Soares, Marcus Paulo Araujo, Débora Esteves, Hilbert Julio, Roberto Tauil, Marcus Junca, Flávia Porto, Emerson Franchini, Craig Alan Bridge and Jonas Gurgel

comparable V ˙ O 2 max 5 , 6 and similar 5 or lower 6 HRmax between taekwondo-specific tests and CPET. It also opposes the comparable V ˙ O 2 max and HRmax values observed in recent karate tests when compared with cycling CPET. 27 The disparity in the HRmax and V ˙ O 2 max responses between the

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

with neutral shoes. In contrast, Butler et al 10 reported no significant differences in in-shoe foot motion between motion control and cushioned running shoes, suggesting small differences between conditions; however, no data were reported by the authors. The disparity between the studies using shoe

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Dawn M. Emerson, Toni M. Torres-McGehee, Susan W. Yeargin, Kyle Dolan and Kelcey K. deWeber

and/or in conjunction with a sport dietitian. Because the AT is often the primary source for athletes to receive hydration information, 18 clinicians should be knowledgeable regarding the supplement’s intended purpose, potential adverse effects, and educate patients on appropriate use. Disparities We