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Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Adriana Pérez, David R. Jacobs Jr, Joowon Lee, Harold W. Kohl III and Barbara Sternfeld

recordings, and body composition via whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan; 84.6% of participants attending the Year 20 exam took part. All CARDIA participants provided informed consent and the institutional review board at each field center and coordinating center approves the study annually

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Darryn S. Willoughby, Kaitlan N. Beretich, Marcus Chen and LesLee K. Funderburk

CAF, the secondary purpose was to determine if RT had any effect on reducing these levels. Methods Experimental Design This was a two-group parallel study in which the participants were considered either PERI-M or POST-M. A dual energy X-ray absorptiometry analysis, venous blood samples

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Inès Boukabous, Alexis Marcotte-Chénard, Taha Amamou, Pierre Boulay, Martin Brochu, Daniel Tessier, Isabelle Dionne and Eléonor Riesco

calculated as body weight (in kilograms)/height 2 (in meters) Body composition was measured using the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry method (iDXA; GE Lunar), which is a valid and reliable method to measure body fat ( Shepherd et al., 2012 ) and analyzed with the enCORE software (version 16; GE Healthcare

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Sherry Robertson and Margo Mountjoy

within athlete-monitoring programs by FINA, as well as national sport governing bodies Note . RED-S = relative energy deficiency in sport; CHO = carbohydrate; EA = energy availability; LEA = low energy availability; PHE = periodic health examination; DEXA = dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; DE

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Meltem Dizdar, Jale Fatma Irdesel, Oguzhan Sıtkı Dizdar and Mine Topsaç

 = weight/square of height kg/m 2 ), and duration of OP diagnosis were collected. Patients were also questioned in terms of OP risk factors, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), fracture risk (Fracture Risk Assessment Tool [FRAX]), history and frequency of falls, use of drugs known to increase fall risk

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Andrew O. Agbaje, Eero A. Haapala, Niina Lintu, Anna Viitasalo, Juuso Väistö, Sohaib Khan, Aapo Veijalainen, Tuomo Tompuri, Tomi Laitinen and Timo A. Lakka

. The mean of the 2 nearest values was used in the analyses. Total body fat mass, body fat percentage (BF%), and LM were assessed by BIA using standardized protocols ( 52 ). We also assessed BF% and LM by the Lunar ® dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) device (Lunar Prodigy Advance; GE

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Francisco J. Amaro-Gahete, Lucas Jurado-Fasoli, Alejandro R. Triviño, Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Alejandro De-la-O, Jørn W. Helge and Jonatan R. Ruiz

dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (Hologic Discovery Wii; Hologic, Bedford, MA). The participants also completed the HÖME questionnaire, 15 which is a validated questionnaire that determines the participants’ chronotype (morningness–eveningness). The questionnaire consists of 19 questions related to

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Giannis Arnaoutis, Panagiotis Verginadis, Adam D. Seal, Ioannis Vogiatzis, Labros S. Sidossis and Stavros A. Kavouras

 al., 2007 ). Body fat (12.5 ± 3.1%) was assessed the day before their departure by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (model DPX-MD, Lunar Corp., Madison, WI, USA). Baseline body weight was established as the mean value of the last three days before departure and two days prior to the first day of competition

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Nicole C. George, Charles Kahelin, Timothy A. Burkhart and David M. Andrews

generalizability of tissue data obtained from cadaver studies. 12 – 13 Moreover, the use of in-vivo body composition methods such as dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can be limited for research purposes by the high cost of scanning and the restricted availability of scanners. 14 Consequently

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Thomas Cattagni, Vincent Gremeaux and Romuald Lepers

, quadriceps; TS, triceps surae. Bone Mineral Density Bone mineral density was assessed from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan (Hologic Bone Densitometer system n°83752A, model Discovery A; Hologic Company, Marlborough, MA) for the left proximal femur region including the femoral neck, intertrochanteric