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Júlio A. Costa, João Brito, Fábio Y. Nakamura, Eduardo M. Oliveira, Ovidio P. Costa and António N. Rebelo

-intensity interval training. The authors showed that the circadian typology of the subject determined different autonomic responses during recovery from a demanding training bout performed in the morning only. Despite all this, both variables (habitual training time-of-day and chronotype) were not included in the

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Alejandro Javaloyes, Jose Manuel Sarabia, Robert Patrick Lamberts and Manuel Moya-Ramon

-intesity training (mod; VT1–VT2), high-intensity training (high; ≥VT2), and high-intensity interval training (HIIT; >VT2). Table 2 Periodization and Training Distribution for Both Groups During Weeks 1–5 and for TRAD During Weeks 7–14 Weeks Type Test High intensity HIIT Moderate intensity Low intensity 1 EW PRE GXT

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Neil Armstrong

increasing aerobic fitness and decreasing adiposity may improve arterial health, particularly in boys, and may be important in reducing cardiovascular risk in adulthood. Peak Oxygen Uptake and High-Intensity Interval Training The practice of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with adults was developed

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Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim and Louise M. Burke

.g., team sports), as well as the chronic outcomes of training programs based on these characteristics (e.g., resistance or interval training), leading to greater gains in lean mass and muscular strength and power ( Rawson & Persky, 2007 ; Volek & Rawson, 2004 ). There is additional, albeit equivocal

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Frank Nugent, Thomas Comyns, Alan Nevill and Giles D. Warrington

, Holmberg HC , Mester J . High-intensity interval training improves VO 2peak , maximal lactate accumulation, time trial and competition performance in 9–11-year-old swimmers . Eur J Appl Physiol . 2010 ; 110 ( 5 ): 1029 – 1036 . PubMed ID: 20683609 doi:10.1007/s00421-010-1586-4 10.1007/s00421

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Manuel D. Quinones and Peter W.R. Lemon

.1519/JSC.0b013e318181ab80 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318181ab80 Hazell , T.J. , Hamilton , C.D. , Olver , T.D. , & Lemon , P.W.R. ( 2014 ). Running sprint interval training induces fat loss in women . Applied Physiology Nutrition Metabolism, 39 , 944 – 950 . doi:10.1139/apnm-2013-0503 10.1139/apnm-2013

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Dajo Sanders, Teun van Erp and Jos J. de Koning

between men’s and women’s professional cycling races. Due to the substantial differences in the proportion of total competition time spent at high intensity, training strategies to prepare for these demands (eg, high-intensity interval training formats) may not be used interchangeably for male and female

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Phillip Bellinger, Blayne Arnold and Clare Minahan

%), and a decreasing proportion of training volume is accrued in zones 2 and 3; and (5) high-intensity training, whereby a high proportion of training includes high-intensity interval training in which a larger training volume is accumulated in zone 3 (∼40%), while the balance of training volume is

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Rochelle R. Costa, Adriana C.K. Buttelli, Leandro Coconcelli, Laura F. Pereira, Alexandra F. Vieira, Alex de O. Fagundes, Juliano B. Farinha, Thais Reichert, Ricardo Stein and Luiz F.M. Kruel

(approximately 30 min), and cooling down (7 min). Interval training was adopted for the WA group, with intensities between 90% and 100% HR AT for what we called the “stimulus period” and between 80% and 90% HR AT for recovery. In the first 5 weeks, participants completed 4 minutes at 90% to 95% HR AT at the

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Gavriil G. Arsoniadis, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Gerasimos Terzis and Argyris G. Toubekis

characteristics (exercise selection, intensity, rest intervals, training volume, muscles involved) and time elapsed between strength training and swimming. Practical Applications A strength training session including 3 exercises of upper and lower body executed in 3 sets of 5 repetitions at 85% of 1-repetition