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Liam D. Harper, Adam Field, Liam D. Corr and Robert J. Naughton

flux of the anaerobic and aerobic energy systems will be in constant change, mimicking that of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocols. In older adults, HIIT has been shown to improve metabolic ( Søgaard et al., 2018 ) and cardiovascular health ( Izadi, Ghardashi Afousi, Asvadi Fard, & Babaee

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Xabier Muriel, Javier Courel-Ibáñez, Victor Cerezuela-Espejo and Jesús G. Pallarés

commitment during such a challenging situation. References 1. Rønnestad BR , Hansen J , Nygaard H , Lundby C . Superior performance improvements in elite cyclists following short‐interval vs effort‐matched long‐interval training . Scand J Med Sci Sports . 2020 ; 30 ( 5 ): 849 – 857 . PubMed ID

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Andrea Fusco, Christine Knutson, Charles King, Richard P. Mikat, John P. Porcari, Cristina Cortis and Carl Foster

intensity, there is evidence that it may be sensitive to other external TL determining factors, such as the volume of exercise and the repetition duration/distance during interval training. 5 , 7 However, few studies have investigated the effects of exercise duration and volume on sRPE under a relatively

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Claire-Marie Roberts and Jacky Forsyth

number of our estrogen receptors decrease, thereby heightening the risk of cardiovascular disease and increasing our likelihood of mortality. The research that Birch ( 2018 ) presented suggested that high-intensity interval training has been shown to moderate the risk of coronary heart disease in later

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Leighton Jones, Jasmin C. Hutchinson and Elizabeth M. Mullin

affective responses to different exercise intensities. For example, high-intensity interval training receives notable media coverage and endorsement, as it is portrayed as a time-efficient way for individuals to garner physiological benefits from exercise (e.g.,  Gillen & Gibala, 2014 ). However, exercise

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Myriam Paquette, François Bieuzen and François Billaut

suggested here, muscle capacity to extract O 2 strongly influences performance while being independent of VO 2 max per se, then a more specific training stimulus should be applied to target this peripheral component. Repeated sprint training and sprint interval training are typically associated with

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Susana Cristina Araújo Póvoas, Peter Krustrup, Carlo Castagna, Pedro Miguel Ribeiro da Silva, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, Rita Liliana Mendes Pereira and Malte Nejst Larsen

. Physiother Res Int . 2002 ; 7 ( 3 ): 146 – 56 . PubMed ID: 12426912 doi:10.1002/pri.251 12426912 10.1002/pri.251 21. Costigan SA , Eather N , Plotnikoff RC , Taaffe DR , Lubans DR . High-intensity interval training for improving health-related fitness in adolescents: a systematic review and

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Devin G. McCarthy and Lawrence L. Spriet

: 628 – 636 . PubMed ID: 20056852 doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00659.2009 10.1152/japplphysiol.00659.2009 20056852 21. Perry CGR , Heigenhauser GJF , Bonen A , Spriet LL . High-intensity aerobic interval training increases fat and carbohydrate metabolic capacities in human skeletal muscle

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M. Travis Byrd, Jonathan Robert Switalla, Joel E. Eastman, Brian J. Wallace, Jody L. Clasey and Haley C. Bergstrom

-training experience completed this study. Recreationally trained was defined according to the American College of Sports Medicine ACSM guidelines. Anaerobically trained was defined as participating in a resistance-exercise and high-intensity interval-training program at least 2 times per week for the last 6 months

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Andrew Cox, Marcie B. Fyock-Martin and Joel R. Martin

required their subjects undergo a high-intensity cycle ergometer interval training program for 6 weeks and found that the program itself improved VO 2 max but that the ETM did not have a significant impact on increasing the VO 2 max when compared to the control group. However, it did have a statistically