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Gislaine S. Kogure, Cristiana L. Miranda-Furtado, Daiana C.C. Pedroso, Victor B. Ribeiro, Matheus C. Eiras, Rafael C. Silva, Lisandra C. Caetano, Rui A. Ferriani, Rodrigo T. Calado and Rosana M. dos Reis

, and laterally by vertical lines along the rib cage, and the android region, bounded inferiorly by the pelvis and superiorly by an horizontal line localized at 20% of the distance between the pelvis and the line below the chin. The following variables of fat distribution were calculated: total body fat

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Yi-Ju Tsai, Chieh-Chie Chia, Pei-Yun Lee, Li-Chuan Lin and Yi-Liang Kuo

participation in volleyball grows, it is necessary to have effective prevention programs for knee injuries in volleyball athletes. Core stability is defined as the ability to control the position and movement of the trunk over the pelvis. 5 Anatomically, the region between the diaphragm, abdominal muscles

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Nicola Relph and Katie Small

average was taken. This task is correlated to a forward running technique. 20 Lower-Limb Flexibility Two experienced athletic trainers took flexibility measurements on both legs, with consistent roles in each protocol. The pelvis was stabilized to avoid compensatory movements in hip measurements. The

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Brent I. Smith, Denice Curtis and Carrie L. Docherty

validated by Thorborg et al. 38 For hip abduction strength testing, the HHD was placed 10 cm proximal to the lateral femoral epicondyle and the hip was placed in approximately 30° of abduction. The contralateral hip was flexed to 90° and neutral relative to rotation. The examiner stabilized the pelvis to

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Dimitrios-Sokratis Komaris, Cheral Govind, Andrew Murphy, Alistair Ewen and Philip Riches

of the position of the hands, irregular movement strategies were classified and clustered among the 3 major clusters of the 3-cluster solution. At trials A3, A4, and Q5, participants kept their hand(s) close to the seat at the height of their pelvis until completion of the standing movement. As a

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

following the manufacturer’s guidelines. To define the foot, shank, thigh, and pelvis, 14-mm retroreflective markers were attached to the right limb at the following locations: first and fifth metatarsal heads, medial and lateral malleoli, medial and lateral femoral epicondyles, and bilaterally to the

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Anna C. Severin, Brendan J. Burkett, Mark R. McKean, Aaron N. Wiegand and Mark G.L. Sayers

ethics approval. Instrumentation This study used six 100-Hz inertial sensors (Nanotrak; Catapult Sports, Docklands, Australia) to track trunk, pelvis, and lower limb kinematics. Inertial sensors are a validated tool for kinematic analyses ( Cuesta-Vargas, Galán-Mercant, & Williams, 2010 ; Steins, Dawes

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Katie A. Conway and Jason R. Franz

-ramped impeding force protocol (Ramp) that increased at a rate of 1%BW/s until the subjects reached the end point criterion, an inexorable 0.35-m posterior displacement of the subject’s pelvis. BW = body weight. We recorded trajectories of 31 retroreflective markers (100 Hz) on the pelvis and legs using a 14

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Genki Hatano, Shigeyuki Suzuki, Shingo Matsuo, Satoshi Kataura, Kazuaki Yokoi, Taizan Fukaya, Mitsuhiro Fujiwara, Yuji Asai and Masahiro Iwata

during stretching (B) as seen from the left side. (A) The seat of the dynamometer was maximally raised, and a wedge-shaped cushion was inserted between the trunk and backrest, creating a seat face-back angle of approximately 60°. The subjects were seated in this position and their chest, pelvis, and

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Il-young Yu, Dong-kyu Lee, Myoung-Joo Kang and Jae-seop Oh

upper arm with opposite hand, but because it is supported by the attachment cuff of isokinetic dynamometer subjects supported the above the distal part of upper arm during SWE in this study (Figure  1C ). The trunk and pelvis of each subject was fixed with a strap so that the compensatory movements of