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Max R. Paquette and Daniel A. Melcher

running trials, participants were asked to complete a 5-minute warm-up on the treadmill at their self-selected long run pace. Retroreflective markers were placed on the right lower extremity and pelvis based on a previously published marker convention. 26 A 1-second static calibration trial was recorded

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Christian A. Clermont, Lauren C. Benson, W. Brent Edwards, Blayne A. Hettinga and Reed Ferber

) bounce (vertical oscillation, in centimeters); (4) pelvic rotation (side-to-side movement of the pelvis, in degrees); (5) pelvic drop (side-to-side drop of the pelvis, in degrees); and (6) ground contact time (time foot is in contact with the ground at each step, in milliseconds). The Lumo Run® variables

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Gislaine S. Kogure, Cristiana L. Miranda-Furtado, Daiana C.C. Pedroso, Victor B. Ribeiro, Matheus C. Eiras, Rafael C. Silva, Lisandra C. Caetano, Rui A. Ferriani, Rodrigo T. Calado and Rosana M. dos Reis

, and laterally by vertical lines along the rib cage, and the android region, bounded inferiorly by the pelvis and superiorly by an horizontal line localized at 20% of the distance between the pelvis and the line below the chin. The following variables of fat distribution were calculated: total body fat

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Nathaniel S. Nye, Drew S. Kafer, Cara Olsen, David H. Carnahan and Paul F. Crawford

lower extremity, pelvis/spine, or upper extremity during this period. Those with nonmusculoskeletal injuries, such as concussions or skin lacerations, were not excluded. Furthermore, those with a documented diagnosis of any one or more possible confounding conditions were completely excluded from the

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Lauren C. Benson, Stephen C. Cobb, Allison S. Hyngstrom, Kevin G. Keenan, Jake Luo and Kristian M. O’Connor

to the pelvis and feet. Tracking markers were placed on the right and left anterior and posterior superior iliac spines, and a rigid 4-marker cluster was attached to the heel counter of the shoes. A 3-second standing calibration was recorded with calibration markers on the greater trochanters, the

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Chen Deng, Jason C. Gillette and Timothy R. Derrick

Review Board. Body mass, height, and right lower extremity segment lengths, widths, and circumferences were measured. Eighteen reflective markers were placed on anatomical landmarks of the trunk, pelvis, and right lower extremity with a minimum of 3 markers/segment: toe, heel for the foot segment

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Adam E. Jagodinsky, Christopher Wilburn, Nick Moore, John W. Fox and Wendi H. Weimar

&L Engineering, Tustin, CA) were attached bilaterally on the pelvis, thigh, shank, and foot of each participant for motion capture (Table  2 ). Calibration markers were utilized to estimate joint centers from a static calibration trial and were removed prior to walking trials. Measurement of segment motion was

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Brent I. Smith, Denice Curtis and Carrie L. Docherty

validated by Thorborg et al. 38 For hip abduction strength testing, the HHD was placed 10 cm proximal to the lateral femoral epicondyle and the hip was placed in approximately 30° of abduction. The contralateral hip was flexed to 90° and neutral relative to rotation. The examiner stabilized the pelvis to

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Wen-Hao Hsu, Evelyn J. Park, Daniel L. Miranda, Hani M. Sallum, Conor J. Walsh and Eugene C. Goldfield

, pelvis, upper arms, forearms, thighs, shanks, and feet (Figure  2 ). The cameras of a hybrid Vicon (Centennial, CO) MX T-Series and Bonita motion capture system surrounded two force platforms (AMTI, Watertown, MA) located in the center of the lab. The total length of the two platforms was approximately 1

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

following the manufacturer’s guidelines. To define the foot, shank, thigh, and pelvis, 14-mm retroreflective markers were attached to the right limb at the following locations: first and fifth metatarsal heads, medial and lateral malleoli, medial and lateral femoral epicondyles, and bilaterally to the