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Janet E. Simon, Dustin R. Grooms and Carrie L. Docherty

reduces region-specific and generic HRQOL. 17 A common measure of generic HRQOL is the short form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2). 16 The SF-36v2 is a widely used 36-item questionnaire that is used to measure an individual’s perception of his or her overall health status and physical functioning. The

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Shirit Kamil-Rosenberg, Mary L. Greaney, Tsivia Hochman and Carol Ewing Garber

active and improve their physical function ( Berg et al., 2012 ; Brach, Simonsick, Kritchevsky, Yaffe, & Newman, 2004 ; Chakravarty et al., 2008 ; Greaney et al., 2008 ; Miller, Rejeski, Reboussin, Ten Have, & Ettinger 2000 ; Reynolds & Silverstein, 2003 ). Therefore, modifying health behaviors can

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Heather J. Leach, Katie B. Potter and Mary C. Hidde

cancer treatments have on fatigue, 2 , 3 physical function, 4 , 5 and quality of life, 6 and may reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease, cancer-related mortality, and all-cause mortality. 7 – 10 Breast cancer survivors’ PA tends to decline and remain low following treatment, 11 , 12 and previous

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Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino and Hiroyuki Shimada

equivalents while in a sitting or reclining position. Sedentary time is both a determinant and consequence of disease progression in CKD, with physical inactivity and low physical functioning associated with increased mortality in dialysis patients ( O’Hare, Tawney, Bacchetti, & Johansen, 2003 ). Furthermore

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Rachel R. Kleis, Janet E. Simon, Michael Turner, Luzita I. Vela, Abbey C. Thomas and Phillip A. Gribble

factors, including markers of general health, should be examined. Body mass index (BMI) provides an estimate of body composition, with high BMI suggesting high body fat presence. 31 High BMI is associated with poor physical function 32 – 34 and HRQoL, 33 as well as increased risk of cardiovascular

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Mary O. Whipple, Erica N. Schorr, Kristine M.C. Talley, Ruth Lindquist, Ulf G. Bronas and Diane Treat-Jacobson

heterogeneity among older adults with respect to health, physical function, work and leisure activities, and social environment ( Lowsky, Olshansky, Bhattacharya, & Goldman, 2014 ). This is supported by limited evidence from resistance training studies, which suggests that variation in training adaptations may

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Jolanthe de Koning, Suzanne Richards and Afroditi Stathi

original SF-36 summary scores using data from general population surveys from nine European countries ( Ware & Gandek, 1998 ) and had acceptable reproducibility in psychometric performance in a range of populations ( Ware, Kosinski, & Keller, 1996 ). Lower-limb physical function, measured by the short

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Chung-Chao Liang, Qi-Xing Change, Yu-Chou Hung, Chizan-Chung Chen, Chun-Hsiang Lin, Yu-Chun Wei and Jia-Ching Chen

, height, weight, and education, were also recorded. The physical performance and balance measures were evaluated as follows. Elderly Mobility Scale The Elderly Mobility Scale (EMS), applied in the physical function test, comprises seven items: lying down to sitting, sitting to lying down, sitting to

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Emma Renehan, Claudia Meyer, Rohan A. Elliott, Frances Batchelor, Catherine Said, Terry Haines and Dianne Goeman

, exhaustion, physical activity, walk time, and grip strength. If ≥3 criteria were positive, the older person was deemed frail. For 1–2 positive criteria, the older adult is considered prefrail and considered not frail if no criteria are positive; e. Physical function was assessed using the Katz Index of

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Nathanial J. Kapsal, Theresa Dicke, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Diego Vasconcellos, Christophe Maïano, Jane Lee and Chris Lonsdale

/cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength/endurance, physiological outcomes, physical functioning, and balance/core stability. The psychosocial health outcomes examined in this review were similar to those used in a review focused on the psychosocial benefits of sport for typically developing youth. 3 These outcomes