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Shirit Kamil-Rosenberg, Mary L. Greaney, Tsivia Hochman and Carol Ewing Garber

active and improve their physical function ( Berg et al., 2012 ; Brach, Simonsick, Kritchevsky, Yaffe, & Newman, 2004 ; Chakravarty et al., 2008 ; Greaney et al., 2008 ; Miller, Rejeski, Reboussin, Ten Have, & Ettinger 2000 ; Reynolds & Silverstein, 2003 ). Therefore, modifying health behaviors can

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Michael J. LaMonte, I-Min Lee, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, John Bellettiere, Kelly R. Evenson, David M. Buchner, Chongzhi Di, Cora E. Lewis, Dori E. Rosenberg, Marcia L. Stefanick and Andrea Z. LaCroix

measures are, overall and according to participant age, race/ethnicity, body mass index, and physical functioning level; and (3) whether associations with prevalence of poor health status is similar for questionnaire and device measures, after adjusting for potential confounding factors. Methods Study

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Heather J. Leach, Katie B. Potter and Mary C. Hidde

cancer treatments have on fatigue, 2 , 3 physical function, 4 , 5 and quality of life, 6 and may reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease, cancer-related mortality, and all-cause mortality. 7 – 10 Breast cancer survivors’ PA tends to decline and remain low following treatment, 11 , 12 and previous

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Ece Acar, Tamer Çankaya and Serkan Öner

, physical function, and physical role difficulty scores were applied as subscale of short form-36. Thickness of trunk muscles was determined with anteroposterior (AP) diameter measurement using ultrasound imaging in upper rectus abdominis (URA), central rectus abdominis (CRA), lower rectus abdominis (LRA

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Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino and Hiroyuki Shimada

equivalents while in a sitting or reclining position. Sedentary time is both a determinant and consequence of disease progression in CKD, with physical inactivity and low physical functioning associated with increased mortality in dialysis patients ( O’Hare, Tawney, Bacchetti, & Johansen, 2003 ). Furthermore

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Mary O. Whipple, Erica N. Schorr, Kristine M.C. Talley, Ruth Lindquist, Ulf G. Bronas and Diane Treat-Jacobson

heterogeneity among older adults with respect to health, physical function, work and leisure activities, and social environment ( Lowsky, Olshansky, Bhattacharya, & Goldman, 2014 ). This is supported by limited evidence from resistance training studies, which suggests that variation in training adaptations may

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Chung-Chao Liang, Qi-Xing Change, Yu-Chou Hung, Chizan-Chung Chen, Chun-Hsiang Lin, Yu-Chun Wei and Jia-Ching Chen

, height, weight, and education, were also recorded. The physical performance and balance measures were evaluated as follows. Elderly Mobility Scale The Elderly Mobility Scale (EMS), applied in the physical function test, comprises seven items: lying down to sitting, sitting to lying down, sitting to

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Matti Hyvärinen, Sarianna Sipilä, Janne Kulmala, Harto Hakonen, Tuija H. Tammelin, Urho M. Kujala, Vuokko Kovanen and Eija K. Laakkonen

), grip strength ( Gale, Martyn, Cooper, & Sayer, 2007 ; Rantanen et al., 1999 ; Sasaki, Kasagi, Yamada, & Fujita, 2007 ), and lower-extremity muscle strength and power ( Newman, Kupelian, et al., 2006 ; Reid & Fielding, 2012 ), are of importance for assessing health-related physical functioning

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Emma Renehan, Claudia Meyer, Rohan A. Elliott, Frances Batchelor, Catherine Said, Terry Haines and Dianne Goeman

, exhaustion, physical activity, walk time, and grip strength. If ≥3 criteria were positive, the older person was deemed frail. For 1–2 positive criteria, the older adult is considered prefrail and considered not frail if no criteria are positive; e. Physical function was assessed using the Katz Index of

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Nathanial J. Kapsal, Theresa Dicke, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Diego Vasconcellos, Christophe Maïano, Jane Lee and Chris Lonsdale

/cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength/endurance, physiological outcomes, physical functioning, and balance/core stability. The psychosocial health outcomes examined in this review were similar to those used in a review focused on the psychosocial benefits of sport for typically developing youth. 3 These outcomes