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Jeremiah J. Peiffer, Chris R. Abbiss, Eric C. Haakonssen and Paolo Menaspà

the demands of competition is essential for informing subsequent racing and training decisions. Several studies have attempted to address this topic in cycling through analyses of physiological response 2 , 7 , 24 and power output 2 , 13 , 14 , 25 over multiple race types, terrains, 8 and

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Montassar Tabben, Bianca Miarka, Karim Chamari and Ralph Beneke

physiological responses and perceived exertion between winning and losing karatekas. Similarly, Tabben et al 7 reported no significant difference in all time-motion variables between winning and losing karate athletes at high-performance level. The fact that previous studies did not identify a clear difference

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Enrique Colino, Jorge Garcia-Unanue, Leonor Gallardo, Carl Foster, Alejandro Lucia and Jose Luis Felipe

dynamics, and peak impact accelerations. 6 – 10 Thus, surface properties have been reported to affect physiological responses during endurance running. 11 – 14 Data from epidemiological studies suggest that the type of surface is also an important factor in the etiology of injuries, 15 with increased

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Óscar Martínez de Quel, Ignacio Ara, Mikel Izquierdo and Carlos Ayán

( suppl 1 ): 95 – 102 . 6. Chaabène H , Franchini E , Miarka B , Selmi MA , Mkaouer B , Chamari K . Time–motion analysis and physiological responses to karate official combat sessions: is there a difference between winners and defeated karatekas? Int J Sports Physiol Perform . 2014

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Ana Gay, Gracia López-Contreras, Ricardo J. Fernandes and Raúl Arellano

and in swimming flume conditions. It was hypothesized that using a wetsuit would enhance 400-m front crawl performance, reduce physiological responses, and increase swimming efficiency. Complementarily, lower physiological and higher technical variables values were expected with performance in the

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Erik A. Willis, Amanda N. Szabo-Reed, Lauren T. Ptomey, Jeffery J. Honas, Felicia L. Steger, Richard A. Washburn and Joseph E. Donnelly

. Analysis Participant characteristics and physiological responses to the HIFT sessions were summarized by means and SDs or percentages, as appropriate. Two sample t tests for continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variables were used to assess differences between males and females. To

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Carley O’Neill and Shilpa Dogra

associated with anxiety sensitivity are normal physiological responses to exercise. 6 Adults with asthma may misinterpret normal physiological responses to exercise as an imminent threat of an asthma attack and may experience heightened anxiety at the thought of exercise. However, it is possible that

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Callum G. Brownstein, Derek Ball, Dominic Micklewright and Neil V. Gibson

-sprint training might not account for these individual differences and thus could be a contributing factor in the varying outcomes and levels of success ( 11 ). The issue of individual differences in the recovery between sprints is particularly pertinent in young athletes, where the physiological responses to

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Carlo Castagna, Stefano D’Ottavio, Stefano Cappelli and Susana Cristina Araújo Póvoas

a wide range of players’ density showing contrasting results as per physiological responses. 2 Recently, densities of 300 m 2 were proposed to develop anaerobic performance in soccer players using all-out SSG (ie, SSG 300 ; functional training). 4 The SSG 300 was shown to induce BLc in the range

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Tatiane Piucco, Rogério Soares, Fernando Diefenthaeler, Guillaume Y. Millet and Juan M. Murias

physiological evaluations of skating on instrumented motorized treadmills. 5 , 6 However, even though these evaluations mimic physiological responses to skating, the access to this type of equipment is limited and expensive. As an alternative and an inexpensive method that simulates speed skating conditions