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Erin L. McCleave, Katie M. Slattery, Rob Duffield, Philo U. Saunders, Avish P. Sharma, Stephen Crowcroft and Aaron J. Coutts

benefit. 2 However, the hypoxic dose supplied was reduced compared with previous LHTL studies reporting physiological and performance benefits in endurance athletes. 9 , 10 Therefore, the resulting physiological responses to combined heat training with LHTL hypoxia in endurance athletes requires further

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Emerson Franchini

possible to calculate the anaerobic speed or power reserve, which has been reported to decrease the performance and physiological responses variability during 1 HIIT protocol. 38 Recently, many combat sports-specific tests were created and validated, 39 and therefore, they can be used to prescribe sport

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Daisuke Kume, Akira Iguchi and Hiroshi Endoh

oxygenation profiles measured with NIRS provide valuable information for the understanding of physiological response in active muscles during exercise and their relationship with physical performance. The 20-m shuttle run test (20mSRT) is the most common field test for assessing aerobic fitness in many

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Gorden Sudeck, Stephanie Jeckel and Tanja Schubert

linked to the physiological response to PA. That is, two individuals with the same accelerometric data may have different physiological responses depending on their physical fitness level. Previous research showed that affective response to PA is related to the intensity of PA ( Ekkekakis et al., 2011

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Montassar Tabben, Daniele Conte, Monoem Haddad and Karim Chamari

between winners and defeated top-level karate athletes. 5 , 8 Within this context, Chaabene et al 8 have shown that in high-level karate combats, there were no significant differences in any parameters of performance analysis, as well as in physiological responses and perceived exertion between winners

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Óscar Martínez de Quel, Ignacio Ara, Mikel Izquierdo and Carlos Ayán

( suppl 1 ): 95 – 102 . 6. Chaabène H , Franchini E , Miarka B , Selmi MA , Mkaouer B , Chamari K . Time–motion analysis and physiological responses to karate official combat sessions: is there a difference between winners and defeated karatekas? Int J Sports Physiol Perform . 2014

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Montassar Tabben, Bianca Miarka, Karim Chamari and Ralph Beneke

physiological responses and perceived exertion between winning and losing karatekas. Similarly, Tabben et al 7 reported no significant difference in all time-motion variables between winning and losing karate athletes at high-performance level. The fact that previous studies did not identify a clear difference

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Erik A. Willis, Amanda N. Szabo-Reed, Lauren T. Ptomey, Jeffery J. Honas, Felicia L. Steger, Richard A. Washburn and Joseph E. Donnelly

. Analysis Participant characteristics and physiological responses to the HIFT sessions were summarized by means and SDs or percentages, as appropriate. Two sample t tests for continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variables were used to assess differences between males and females. To

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Ana Gay, Gracia López-Contreras, Ricardo J. Fernandes and Raúl Arellano

and in swimming flume conditions. It was hypothesized that using a wetsuit would enhance 400-m front crawl performance, reduce physiological responses, and increase swimming efficiency. Complementarily, lower physiological and higher technical variables values were expected with performance in the

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Enrique Colino, Jorge Garcia-Unanue, Leonor Gallardo, Carl Foster, Alejandro Lucia and Jose Luis Felipe

dynamics, and peak impact accelerations. 6 – 10 Thus, surface properties have been reported to affect physiological responses during endurance running. 11 – 14 Data from epidemiological studies suggest that the type of surface is also an important factor in the etiology of injuries, 15 with increased