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Susana Andrade, Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Wilma Freire, Natalia Romero-Sandoval, Daniel Orellana, Teodoro Contreras, José Luis Pillco, Jessica Sacta, Diana Andrade Muñoz, Patricia Ramírez, Miguel Martin and Silvana Donoso

-perception of body image and factors related with it . OJEpi . 2014 ; 4 ( 3 ): 122 – 128 . doi:10.4236/ojepi.2014.43017 10.4236/ojepi.2014.43017 8. Andrade S , Ochoa-Avilés A , Lachat C , et al . Physical fitness among urban and rural Ecuadorian adolescents and its association with blood lipids: a

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Shirley M. Bluethmann, Wayne Foo, Renate M. Winkels, Scherezade K. Mama and Kathryn H. Schmitz

the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the weight questions ( Wright et al., 2007 ). Of the 28 counties surveyed, 18 are categorized as urban/metropolitan and 10 as rural/nonmetropolitan using 2013 Rural/Urban Continuum Codes. To ensure sufficient representation of racial

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Riley Galloway, Robert Booker and Scott Owens

). Mississippi is one of the states that promoted a statewide mandate to increase PA during school hours. The relevance of such policies is seen in a research study by Greening, Harrell, Low, and Fielder ( 2011 ), showing that regardless of the state mandate, 33% of rural Mississippi youth were classified as

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Lowri C. Edwards, Anna S. Bryant, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M. Jones and Richard J. Keegan

these individual demographics; hence, they were selected for this purpose. The schools in this study are subsequently referred to as the “urban school” and the “rural school.” The urban school was based in a metropolitan area, whereas the rural school was based in the South Wales Valleys, a group of

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Nicolas Hobson, Sherry L. Dupuis, Lora M. Giangregorio and Laura E. Middleton

rural setting, the persons they lived with, and the type of residence (private home/apartment, seniors’ residence, or other). The participants also reported their current health conditions, falls in the last 2 months, and use of mobility aids. Finally, the participants reported their exercise habits and

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Matthew D. Curtner-Smith, Deborah. S. Baxter and Leah K. May

. Studies in which the impact of location on teachers’ value orientations were examined have focused on comparisons between those working in urban and rural schools. While teachers working in these different contexts studied by Banville et al. ( 2002 ) had similar perspectives, two studies found that rural

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Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo, Christopher Hawkins and Sara Iman

aspect. Last, this study did not differentiate urban and rural counties. Rural areas featuring limited active living environments may result in a high obesity rate compared with urban areas. 32 Conclusions This research has extended the existing framework by measuring residential segregation in a variety

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Katrina L. Piercy, Frances Bevington, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Sandra Williams Hilfiker, Sean Arayasirikul and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

) infrequent physical activity and (2) the intention to increase physical activity in the next 6 months. Participant quotas were established for area (urban/suburban/rural), sex, race/ethnicity, education, income, and disability to ensure that results reflected a demographically diverse sample. Eligible

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Julie D. Guldager, Anja Leppin, Jesper von Seelen and Pernille T. Andersen

encompassed a quantitative approach, and the different types of data were collected from the same school classes, schools were selected by cluster randomized sampling, stratifying for region/urban–rural areas and educational background of parents. As presented in Table  1 , the majority of participating

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Danielle Louise Nørager Johansen, Bjørn Friis Neerfeldt Christensen, Michael Fester, Børge Koch, Peter Lund Kristensen, Lisbeth Runge Larsen, Jesper Ninn Sandfeld Melcher, Tina Kryger Mondrup, Niels Christian Møller, Jacob Have Nielsen, Maja Pilgaard, Søren Præstholm, Mette Toftager, Jens Troelsen, Lars Østergaard and Thomas Skovgaard

, children’s access to facilities for sport, play and leisure-time activities is unequally distributed geographically. Compared with more rural areas, children living in dense urban settings have lower accessibility to PA facilities per capita, despite that the absolute number of facilities is higher in the