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Alberto Franceschi, Daniele Conte, Marco Airale and Jaime Sampaio

obtained from participants, along with parental consent. The study is conformed to the recommendation of the Declaration of Helsinki. Design The study described herein was a case study. Methodology The 2 athletes were monitored during an athletics outdoor season for a period of 16 weeks, divided into 2

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Jos J. de Koning and Dionne A. Noordhof

not treat P values or other statistical measures categorically and that we should embrace uncertainty. In most cases, studies conducted are a proof of concept, instead of a perfect replication of real-world scenarios. For example, to study the effect of a certain intervention on performance, we ask

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Liam Anderson, Graeme L. Close, Ryland Morgans, Catherine Hambly, John Roger Speakman, Barry Drust and James P. Morton

players (as suggested through locomotive metrics) and potential requirement to alter body composition, it is currently difficult to provide position-specific nutritional guidelines owing to the lack of direct assessments of energy expenditure (EE). With this in mind, the aim of the present case study was

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Aaron J. Coutts

of tools for predicting talent, injury, or performance changes based on case studies or limited data. We should also take care in making practical recommendations from descriptive studies, as the design of these often prevents formation of clear recommendations. It is the responsibility of

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Nura Alwan, Samantha L. Moss, Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale, Ian G. Davies and Kevin Enright

& Johnston, 1991 ; Walberg-Rankin & Gwazdauskas, 1993 ). Similarly, case studies have also observed amenorrhea ( Hulmi et al., 2016 ; Petrizzo et al., 2017 ; Rohrig et al., 2017 ), with some reporting delays in menstruation of up to 71 weeks postcompetition ( Halliday et al., 2016 ; Kleiner et al., 1990

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Kristof Kipp, John Krzyszkowski and Daniel Kant-Hull

While that report was only a single case study, the authors used multiple training cycles as input into their ANN. By contrast, the current study used data from more athletes, but only one training cycle. In addition, the inputs to the ANN in that study included weekly training volume for swim

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Shona L. Halson, Alan G. Hahn and Aaron J. Coutts

-management systems and gold-standard research-quality data-curation procedures (ie, naming conventions, data integration, security, etc) be followed. Data collected by scientists in the field are important to the wider sport-science community, particularly as they are often derived from case studies on truly

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Brendan H. Lazarus, William G. Hopkins, Andrew M. Stewart and Robert J. Aughey

number and locations of the travel have also increased. The research on travel in the Australian Football League 4 was a single-club case study that did not account for the recent growth in number of teams and venues. The influence of interstate travel (which includes crossing up to 3 time zones) on

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Andressa Silva, Fernanda V. Narciso, Igor Soalheiro, Fernanda Viegas, Luísa S.N. Freitas, Adriano Lima, Bruno A. Leite, Haroldo C. Aleixo, Rob Duffield and Marco T. de Mello

athlete susceptibility. 14 For example, in a case study with one professional soccer athlete, Nédélec et al 15 reported that poor sleep quality was related to the occurrence of musculoskeletal injury. Even though such case studies are speculative, the physiological rationale for poor sleep to interfere

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Christopher John Stevens, Megan L. Ross, Julien D. Périard, Brent S. Vallance and Louise M. Burke

represented countries including Australia, Colombia, Lithuania, and New Zealand. Approval for this case study was provided by the Australian Institute of Sport Human Research Ethics Committee in the spirit of the Declaration of Helsinki. Prior to race 1, the athletes completed 6 days of consecutive training