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Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

while consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Data collection occurred from June 2014 to August 2015. Pretesting Measurements Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research Laboratory in the morning

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Sathvik Namburar, William Checkley, Oscar Flores-Flores, Karina M. Romero, Katherine Tomaino Fraser, Nadia N. Hansel, Suzanne L. Pollard and GASP Study Investigators

activities during recess as compared with boys. There is also evidence from longitudinal studies that the disparity in physical activity levels worsens as children become adolescents, with girls’ activity declining at a faster rate than boys’ as they age. 27 , 28 Forthofer et al 29 showed that the factors

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Jeanette Gustat, Christopher E. Anderson and Sandy J. Slater

PA, with only approximately 50% of adults, 5 47% of high school youth, 6 and 42% of children aged 6–11 years 7 meeting the recommendations. Disparities exist in meeting PA recommendations for children across categories of race/ethnicity, gender, age, and socioeconomic status. 8 PA behaviors

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Emily C. Borden, William J. Kraemer, Bryant J. Walrod, Emily M. Post, Lydia K. Caldwell, Matthew K. Beeler, William H. DuPont, John Paul Anders, Emily R. Martini, Jeff S. Volek and Carl M. Maresh

Sommerfield et al, 5 different athletes, including wrestlers, can find similarity of the 2 measures, while many others do not. In other words, the matching of USG and plasma osmolality might reflect the same level of dehydration, while in others, or at other times, it may not. The disparity in this study was

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Meghan K. Edwards and Paul D. Loprinzi

least meeting the aerobic guidelines of 150 minutes per week of moderate to vigorous PA or 75 minutes per week of vigorous PA. 1 However, only 24.4% of Americans are performing muscle-strengthening activities 2 or more days a week, as suggested in the recommended guidelines. The disparity between

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Irineu Loturco, Lucas A. Pereira, Ciro Winckler, Weverton L. Santos, Ronaldo Kobal and Michael McGuigan

-training intensity by the instantaneous measurement of the movement velocity. 1 , 3 Although a recent study 4 revealed possible disparities among different methods for determining mechanical outputs in strength–power exercises, the variety of technologies available (eg, accelerometer, linear position transducer

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Riana R. Pryor, Summer Runestad, Bethany A. Chong Gum, Nathan J. Fuller, Moon Kang and Jennifer J. Beck

. Sports-related emergency preparedness in Oregon high schools . Sports Health . 2017 ; 9 ( 2 ): 181 – 184 . PubMed ID: 28129072 doi:10.1177/1941738116686782 28129072 10.1177/1941738116686782 9. Kroshus E , Rivara FP , Whitlock KB , Herring SA , Chrisman SPD . Disparities in athletic

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Thomas Gretton, Lindsey Blom, Dorice Hankemeier and Lawrence Judge

, the superordinate theme of competition self vs practice self (see Table  1 ) underlines reasoning for this consistent implementation and also the disparities between what cognitive content is implemented relative to context. This theme symbolizes the earlier mentioned test/examination metaphor for P

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Jafrā D. Thomas and Bradley J. Cardinal

et al., 2003 ; Vallance et al., 2008 ; Wallace et al., 2010 ). When resources do not adhere to readability, they likely privilege the better educated and contribute to physical inactivity disparities ( Birru et al., 2004 ). Higher levels of educational attainment are positively associated with

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Janet E. Fulton, David M. Buchner, Susan A. Carlson, Deborah Borbely, Kenneth M. Rose, Ann E. O’Connor, Janelle P. Gunn and Ruth Petersen

tactics for promoting physical activity nationwide. Reducing health disparities and promoting health equity are important, cross-cutting goals in these documents, which is an overarching theme of Active People, Healthy Nation SM . Five Action Steps of Active People, Healthy Nation SM To accelerate