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Katie A. Conway and Jason R. Franz

-ramped impeding force protocol (Ramp) that increased at a rate of 1%BW/s until the subjects reached the end point criterion, an inexorable 0.35-m posterior displacement of the subject’s pelvis. BW = body weight. We recorded trajectories of 31 retroreflective markers (100 Hz) on the pelvis and legs using a 14

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Gislaine S. Kogure, Cristiana L. Miranda-Furtado, Daiana C.C. Pedroso, Victor B. Ribeiro, Matheus C. Eiras, Rafael C. Silva, Lisandra C. Caetano, Rui A. Ferriani, Rodrigo T. Calado and Rosana M. dos Reis

, and laterally by vertical lines along the rib cage, and the android region, bounded inferiorly by the pelvis and superiorly by an horizontal line localized at 20% of the distance between the pelvis and the line below the chin. The following variables of fat distribution were calculated: total body fat

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Yi-Ju Tsai, Chieh-Chie Chia, Pei-Yun Lee, Li-Chuan Lin and Yi-Liang Kuo

participation in volleyball grows, it is necessary to have effective prevention programs for knee injuries in volleyball athletes. Core stability is defined as the ability to control the position and movement of the trunk over the pelvis. 5 Anatomically, the region between the diaphragm, abdominal muscles

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Reza Heydari Armaki, Keramatollah Abbasnia and Alireza Motealleh

. Their feet were held off the floor, and their thighs were stabilized with straps. Their pelvis was fixed with a pelvic strap across the superior aspect of the proximal thighs, and their lower lumbar spine was fixed with a lumbar pad. In each posture, the seat was adjusted so that the axis of the

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Jeffrey C. Cowley, Steven T. McCaw, Kelly R. Laurson and Michael R. Torry

landing. Jump height was measured as the difference between the maximum height of the pelvis center of mass during the jump and the standing height of the pelvis center of mass. In children, jump height increases with age, standing height, and mass ( 2 ). To assess whether differences in jump height were

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Il-young Yu, Dong-kyu Lee, Myoung-Joo Kang and Jae-seop Oh

upper arm with opposite hand, but because it is supported by the attachment cuff of isokinetic dynamometer subjects supported the above the distal part of upper arm during SWE in this study (Figure  1C ). The trunk and pelvis of each subject was fixed with a strap so that the compensatory movements of

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Genki Hatano, Shigeyuki Suzuki, Shingo Matsuo, Satoshi Kataura, Kazuaki Yokoi, Taizan Fukaya, Mitsuhiro Fujiwara, Yuji Asai and Masahiro Iwata

during stretching (B) as seen from the left side. (A) The seat of the dynamometer was maximally raised, and a wedge-shaped cushion was inserted between the trunk and backrest, creating a seat face-back angle of approximately 60°. The subjects were seated in this position and their chest, pelvis, and

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

following the manufacturer’s guidelines. To define the foot, shank, thigh, and pelvis, 14-mm retroreflective markers were attached to the right limb at the following locations: first and fifth metatarsal heads, medial and lateral malleoli, medial and lateral femoral epicondyles, and bilaterally to the

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Rebecca L. Krupenevich and Ross H. Miller

positive power. Alternatively, pelvis position, rather than trunk position, is also suggested to affect age-related differences in hip position, 11 , 20 and in effect, hip kinetics, and has a more direct effect on hip angle than trunk position. Manipulating the pelvis angle during gait is challenging, but

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Adam E. Jagodinsky, Christopher Wilburn, Nick Moore, John W. Fox and Wendi H. Weimar

&L Engineering, Tustin, CA) were attached bilaterally on the pelvis, thigh, shank, and foot of each participant for motion capture (Table  2 ). Calibration markers were utilized to estimate joint centers from a static calibration trial and were removed prior to walking trials. Measurement of segment motion was