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Jeffrey C. Cowley, Steven T. McCaw, Kelly R. Laurson and Michael R. Torry

landing. Jump height was measured as the difference between the maximum height of the pelvis center of mass during the jump and the standing height of the pelvis center of mass. In children, jump height increases with age, standing height, and mass ( 2 ). To assess whether differences in jump height were

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Lauren A. Brown, Eric E. Hall, Caroline J. Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Thomas A. Buckley, David R. Howell and Srikant Vallabhajosula

clinical setting along with gait testing by clinicians. This is particularly important because turning is a complex motor task that involves multisegmental rotation and temporal coordination of head, trunk, and pelvis while maintaining postural stability of the whole body. Previous research reported that

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Gislaine S. Kogure, Cristiana L. Miranda-Furtado, Daiana C.C. Pedroso, Victor B. Ribeiro, Matheus C. Eiras, Rafael C. Silva, Lisandra C. Caetano, Rui A. Ferriani, Rodrigo T. Calado and Rosana M. dos Reis

, and laterally by vertical lines along the rib cage, and the android region, bounded inferiorly by the pelvis and superiorly by an horizontal line localized at 20% of the distance between the pelvis and the line below the chin. The following variables of fat distribution were calculated: total body fat

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Yi-Ju Tsai, Chieh-Chie Chia, Pei-Yun Lee, Li-Chuan Lin and Yi-Liang Kuo

participation in volleyball grows, it is necessary to have effective prevention programs for knee injuries in volleyball athletes. Core stability is defined as the ability to control the position and movement of the trunk over the pelvis. 5 Anatomically, the region between the diaphragm, abdominal muscles

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Sunghoon Shin and Jacob J. Sosnoff

, Harrison, & Troyanovich, 1999 ). For example, Bolin et al. ( 2000 ) reported that persons with SCI have impaired balance with a C-shaped sitting posture and a posteriorly tilted pelvis (about 15°) compared with noninjured persons in a neutral position. In addition, Andersson et al. ( 1974 ) showed that the

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Rebecca L. Krupenevich and Ross H. Miller

positive power. Alternatively, pelvis position, rather than trunk position, is also suggested to affect age-related differences in hip position, 11 , 20 and in effect, hip kinetics, and has a more direct effect on hip angle than trunk position. Manipulating the pelvis angle during gait is challenging, but

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Nathan F. Johnson, Chloe Hutchinson, Kaitlyn Hargett, Kyle Kosik and Phillip Gribble

flexibility and a decreased ability to transition between walking speeds compared with nonfallers. 29 Age-related declines in flexibility may contribute to falls by limiting the ability to physically adapt to internal and external perturbations. Age-related reductions in arm swing and head–trunk–pelvis

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Reza Heydari Armaki, Keramatollah Abbasnia and Alireza Motealleh

. Their feet were held off the floor, and their thighs were stabilized with straps. Their pelvis was fixed with a pelvic strap across the superior aspect of the proximal thighs, and their lower lumbar spine was fixed with a lumbar pad. In each posture, the seat was adjusted so that the axis of the

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Adam E. Jagodinsky, Christopher Wilburn, Nick Moore, John W. Fox and Wendi H. Weimar

&L Engineering, Tustin, CA) were attached bilaterally on the pelvis, thigh, shank, and foot of each participant for motion capture (Table  2 ). Calibration markers were utilized to estimate joint centers from a static calibration trial and were removed prior to walking trials. Measurement of segment motion was

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

following the manufacturer’s guidelines. To define the foot, shank, thigh, and pelvis, 14-mm retroreflective markers were attached to the right limb at the following locations: first and fifth metatarsal heads, medial and lateral malleoli, medial and lateral femoral epicondyles, and bilaterally to the