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Estelle D. Watson, Mireille N. M. Van Poppel, Rachel A. Jones, Shane A Norris and Lisa K. Micklesfield


Although physical activity during pregnancy may be beneficial, the prenatal period is a vulnerable time for decreasing physical activity levels and increasing sedentary time.


This longitudinal cohort study measured physical activity using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in singleton, pregnant women in the second (14–18 wk gestation; n = 332) and third trimester (29–33 wk; n = 256).


There was a significant decrease in total MVPA (MET mins/wk) between the second and third trimester (P = .01). The majority of physical activity time was spent in walking for transport (80%), and less than 2% in recreational activities. In both trimesters, being married was inversely associated with walking for transport (second trimester: β = –0.12 95% CI = –0.31 to –0.02, third trimester: β = –0.17 95% CI = –0.47 to –0.07) and owning a car was positively associated with recreational physical activity (second trimester: β = 0.16 95% CI = 0.02 to 0.32, third trimester: β = 0.17 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.27). The women spent an average of 5 hours per day sitting.


The low and declining levels of physical activity during pregnancy in this population are a concern. Interventions that include lifestyle education and provision of accessible recreational physical activity programs for pregnant women are needed.

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Jacob D. Meyer, Mary S. Hayney, Christopher L. Coe, Cameron L. Ninos and Bruce P. Barrett

(follow-up 2, FU2). Participants exited the main trial in May. Self-reported physical activity level over a typical week was recorded using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), a valid and reliable self-report questionnaire ( Bull, Maslin, & Armstrong, 2009 ), which was filled out at study

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Mohammad Sahebkar, Hamid Heidarian Miri, Pardis Noormohammadpour, Amir Tiyuri, Reza Pakzad, Nasrin Mansournia, Zahra Heidari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia and Emmanuel Stamatakis

previously. 16 This study was approved by institutional review board of Tehran University of Medical Sciences with ethics committee code: IR.TUMS.SPH.REC.1395.514. Physical Activity Self-reported PA was measured using the Farsi (or Persian) version 17 , 18 of the Global PA Questionnaire (GPAQ, version 2

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Stonebraker * 7 2012 9 9 5 5 677 677 688 688 10.1123/jpah.9.5.677 Google Walkability: A New Tool for Local Planning and Public Health Research? Jason Vargo * Brian Stone * Karen Glanz * 7 2012 9 9 5 5 689 689 697 697 10.1123/jpah.9.5.689 Validity of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in

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781 781 789 789 10.1123/jpah.6.6.781 Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ): Nine Country Reliability and Validity Study Fiona C. Bull * Tahlia S. Maslin * Timothy Armstrong * 11 2009 6 6 6 6 790 790 804 804 10.1123/jpah.6.6.790 Promotion of Physical Activity in the European Region

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Sophie A. Kay and Lisa R. Grimm

Questionnaire (GPAQ; Armstrong & Bull, 2006 ) to determine weekly exercise patterns. This measure has been shown to have good test–retest reliability (85.6–92.1% for leisure time physical activity) and fair criterion validity ( r  = .31 with pedometer data) among nine countries ( Bull, Maslin, & Armstrong

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Susan Paudel, Alice J. Owen, Stephane Heritier and Ben J. Smith

, and representatives from WHO and the Ministry of Health and Population monitored the data collection. Outcome Variables Physical activity was assessed using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), which consists of 16 questions to estimate participants’ self-reported PA (work, transport

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Kristen Day

collect physical activity data. Most common was the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) or a modified version of the IPAQ (48 studies). 185 Also, common was the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) or a modified version of the GPAQ (8 studies). 186 The majority of studies (80

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Oliver W.A. Wilson, Scott Graupensperger, M. Blair Evans and Melissa Bopp

surveys included health behavior measures, whereas demographics were only assessed at baseline. Measures Participants self-reported age, sex, race/ethnicity, and other demographic variables. The Global PA Questionnaire (GPAQ), a reliable and valid measure, 39 , 40 assessed minutes per week leisure

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Jennifer P. Agans, Oliver W.A. Wilson and Melissa Bopp

questionnaire (GPAQ): nine country reliability and validity study . J Phys Act Health . 2009 ; 6 ( 6 ): 790 – 804 . PubMed ID: 20101923 doi:10.1123/jpah.6.6.790 10.1123/jpah.6.6.790 20101923 47. Herrmann SD , Heumann KJ , Der Ananian CA , Ainsworth BE . Validity and reliability of the global