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Volker Cihlar and Sonia Lippke

lifestyle factor is physical activity, which will therefore be investigated in the current study. Regular physical activity supports healthy aging in the sense that it helps individuals to remain healthy or to improve their health. Physical activity reduces the risk for most of the common causes of death

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Leigh Ann Ganzar, Nalini Ranjit, Debra Saxton and Deanna M. Hoelscher

Physical activity provides numerous health benefits for children by facilitating energy balance, 1 , 2 assisting in the prevention of chronic disease, 3 improving bone strength, 4 and reducing depression and mental stress. 5 The current guidelines in the United States for physical activity

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Kazuhiro Harada, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Yuya Anan, Kenji Harada and Hiroyuki Shimada

). Previous studies have suggested that physical activity can minimize one’s risk of developing cognitive impairments ( Blondell, Hammersley-Mather, & Veerman, 2014 ; Sofi et al., 2011 ) and dementia ( Aarsland, Sardahaee, Anderssen, Ballard, & the Alzheimer's Society Systematic Review group, 2010 ; Beckett

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Inácio Crochemore M. da Silva, Grégore I. Mielke, Andréa D. Bertoldi, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Vera Lucia Luiza, Sotero Serrate Mengue and Pedro C. Hallal

Over 5 million deaths per year are attributable to physical inactivity, which is responsible for 9% of all-cause mortality. 1 Strategies to promote physical activity have been implemented in different settings, and there is currently a better understanding on the correlates of physical activity at

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Leehu Zysberg and Rotem Hemmel

Physical activity (PA) is considered a health-promoting behavior and is associated in the literature with life expectancy, quality of life, well-being, and additional positive health outcomes. 1 – 3 Studies have explored social and environmental aspects shaping PA patterns and levels focusing

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Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina D. DuBose, Christine M. Habeeb and Patrick Rider

Physical activity is an essential behavior for young children to develop motor skills, enhance health, and maintain a healthy weight ( 28 ). Given the strong evidence to support the wide-ranging benefits of physical activity for children under 6 years of age, the second edition of the Physical

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Christine E. Roberts, Louise H. Phillips, Clare L. Cooper, Stuart Gray and Julia L. Allan

, Population Division, 2013 ). Advanced age involves structural and functional deterioration of most physiological systems ( Chodzko-Zajko et al., 2009 ) which may negatively impact an individual's ability to carry out activities of daily living (ADL) such as grooming, feeding, mobilizing, and continence

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Christopher Kuenze, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Karin Pfieffer, Stephanie Trigsted, Dane Cook, Caroline Lisee and David Bell

Musculoskeletal injury is a primary barrier to participation in physical activity among adults. 1 Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a traumatic musculoskeletal injury that occurs most commonly among young individuals during participation in recreational physical activity or competitive

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Xinling Xu, Orgul D. Ozturk, Margaret A. Turk and Suzanne W. McDermott

, stroke, diabetes, or cancer than those without disability. 6 Meanwhile, the prevalence of being physically inactive is significantly higher among adults with disability, compared with those without disability. 6 – 9 The 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommends at least 150 minutes

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Brigid M. Lynch, Charles E. Matthews, Katrien Wijndaele and on behalf of the Sedentary Behaviour Council of the International Society for Physical Activity and Health

MEDLINE searches at various levels of specificity. Systematic reviews that utilize MEDLINE rely heavily on the database’s controlled vocabulary to identify relevant publications. One of the first projects initiated by the Sedentary Behaviour Council of the International Society for Physical Activity and