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Tanya Prewitt-White, Christopher P. Connolly, Yuri Feito, Alexandra Bladek, Sarah Forsythe, Logan Hamel and Mary Ryan McChesney

White ( 2002 ) suggested that trained pregnant athletes are likely able to safely engage in activities beyond the conservative intensities previously recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) ( Artal & O’toole, 2003 ). Given the many barriers to physical activity

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Nicola Brown and Yasmin Bowmer

-Tilaki & Heidari, 2006 ). This highlights the need for women to be supported in increasing their PA levels. In order to develop optimal PA interventions, it is important to identify the barriers and motivators to engage in PA. Typically, individuals who perceive more exercise benefits and fewer exercise barriers

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Gabriella McLoughlin, Courtney Weisman Fecske, Yvette Castaneda, Candace Gwin and Kim Graber

participate and who have risen to an elite level. Although the field of adapted sport is growing, there is a paucity of research on motivations, facilitators, and barriers for sport participation among individuals with physical disabilities competing at an elite level. Furthermore, less is known about how

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Aysha M. Thomas, Kayleigh M. Beaudry, Kimbereley L. Gammage, Panagiota Klentrou and Andrea R. Josse

identified several common perceived barriers to PA and assessed correlates/determinates of PA participation in adolescent and adult populations. 3 , 6 , 15 – 20 Generally, they can be divided into intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural factors, although this is not the only way to classify these

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Karl Spiteri, David Broom, Amira Hassan Bekhet, John Xerri de Caro, Bob Laventure and Kate Grafton

sport or strength training, or unstructured, such as while doing household chores. The determinants of PA differ depending on the type of activity ( Koeneman, Verheijden, Chinapaw, & Hopman-Rock, 2011 ). Previous systematic reviews have identified the barriers and motivators toward PA or exercise

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Amy E. Burton, Louise Clancy and Lisa Cowap

are controlled ( Swanson, Bodner, Sawyer, & Allman, 2012 ), illustrating a need to explore the specific contributions of sight loss to physical activity reduction. Recently, Phoenix, Griffin, and Smith ( 2015 ) proposed that barriers are located within the social worlds of older adults with sight loss

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Adilson Santos Andrade de Sousa, Marilia A. Correia, Breno Quintella Farah, Glauco Saes, Antônio Eduardo Zerati, Pedro Puech-Leao, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel G. Cucato and Raphael M. Ritti-Dias

physical activity levels is considered a main objective in the treatment of patients with PAD ( Norgren et al., 2007 ). However, few patients have effectively achieved the recommended physical activity levels. In this context, identifying barriers to physical activity practice has been considered important

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Daniela Rodrigues, Cristina Padez and Aristides M. Machado-Rodrigues

interactions not only between intrapersonal factors but also between social and environmental factors. 13 14 As gatekeepers of children’s health behaviors, it is of extreme importance to understand how parents perceived barriers to children’s participation in sports and PA. In the previous studies, the top

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Christopher R. Hill, Deborah L. Feltz, Stephen Samendinger and Karin A. Pfeiffer

health risks highlight the importance of examining variables that could effect increases in childhood PA. The influence of one’s self-efficacy beliefs to overcome barriers shows promise in the physical domain as a common positive correlate with adolescent PA ( Bauman et al., 2012 , Craggs, Corder, van

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Carrie W. LeCrom, Brendan Dwyer and Gregory Greenhalgh

( Schulenkorf et al., 2016 , p. 35). This above statement led us to the consideration of the current study, a conceptual piece framed around addressing the barriers to theory development in SFD and discussing the potential solutions to some of the challenges. Theory development, application, and evaluation take