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Koren L. Fisher, Elizabeth L. Harrison, Brenda G. Bruner, Joshua A. Lawson, Bruce A. Reeder, Nigel L. Ashworth, M. Suzanne Sheppard and Karen E. Chad

approach, the purpose of this study was to explore the multivariate relationships between PA and personal, social, and environmental factors in community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and older. The results of this research will assist PA programmers and policy makers to foster healthy active living among

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Seigo Mitsutake, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Shiho Amagasa, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Noritoshi Fukushima, Shigeru Inoue and Koichiro Oka

. These interventions will, in turn, help to decrease the burden of long-term care for community-dwelling older adults. However, most previous studies have examined the associations of only one specific domain of SBs with cognitive and physical functions among older adults. 10 – 16 Moreover, although

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Marina Arkkukangas, Anne Söderlund, Staffan Eriksson and Ann-Christin Johansson

.C. ( 2017 ). Fall preventive exercise with or without behavior change support for community-dwelling older adults: A randomized controlled trial with short-term follow-up . Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy . Advance online publication. doi:10.1519/jpt.0000000000000129 Bissonnette , J.M. ( 2008

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Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino and Hiroyuki Shimada

-term care insurance (LTCI) certification in community-dwelling Japanese older adults ( Yamada et al., 2013 ). It has traditionally been inferred that physical exercise might be harmful to patients with CKD and impaired function, as heavy bouts of exercise regularly cause transient decreases in renal blood

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Marina Arkkukangas, Susanna Tuvemo Johnson, Karin Hellström, Elisabeth Anens, Michail Tonkonogi and Ulf Larsson

Approximately one third of community-dwelling older adults fall each year, and half of those will experience recurrent falls ( World Health Organization and U.S. National Institute of Aging, 2011 ). Interventions have shown that the risk of falls can be altered by lifestyle changes, such as

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Dennis Wayne Klima, Catherine Anderson, Dina Samrah, Dipal Patel, Kevin Chui and Roberta Newton

While considerable research has targeted physical performance in older adults, less is known about the ability to rise from the floor among community-dwelling elders. The purposes of the study were to (1) examine physical performance correlates of timed supine to stand performance and (2) identify the predominant motor pattern used to complete floor rise. Fifty-three community-dwelling adults over the age of 60 (x = 78.5 ± 8.5; 36 [68%] females) performed a timed supine to stand test and physical performance assessments. Forty-eight subjects (90.6%) demonstrated an initial roll with asymmetrical squat sequence when rising to stand. Supine to stand performance time was significantly correlated with all physical performance tests, including gait speed (r = −.61; p < .001), grip strength (r = −.30; p < .05), and Timed Up and Go (TUG) performance (r = .71; p < .001). Forty-eight percent of the variance in rise time (p < .001) was attributed to TUG velocity. Findings serve to enhance both functional performance assessment and floor rise interventions.

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Chung-Chao Liang, Qi-Xing Change, Yu-Chou Hung, Chizan-Chung Chen, Chun-Hsiang Lin, Yu-Chun Wei and Jia-Ching Chen

surveys have revealed that grip strength and gait speed among community-dwelling older adults declined by approximately 0.7–1.24 kg per year and 0.02–0.03 m/s per year, respectively ( Auyeung et al., 2014 ; Ishizaki et al., 2011 ). In Taiwan, a study reported that community-dwelling older adults either

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Florian Herbolsheimer, Stephanie Mosler, Richard Peter and the ActiFE Ulm Study Group

-assessed) physical activity levels are differently associated with the two sources of social isolation (i.e., friend/neighbors and family) and (b) whether indoor and outdoor physical activity is differently related to social isolation. Methods Study Population A sample of community-dwelling older persons (mean age

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Chonticha Kaewjoho, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Lugkana Mato, Saowanee Nakmaroeng, Supaporn Phadungkit and Sugalya Amatachaya

functional outcomes necessary for the independent living and safety of community-dwelling older individuals. The findings may offer an alternative rehabilitation strategy that can be applied in various clinical, community, and home-based settings. Methods Study Design and Population This study is a single

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Hiroko Kukihara, Niwako Yamawaki, Michiyo Ando, Yoshiko Tamura, Kumi Arita and Emiko Nakashima

Netherlands : Springer Science & Business Media . Retrieved from . doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8356-3_1 10.1007/978-1-4020-8356-3_1 Hardy , S.E. , Concato , J. , & Gill , T.M. ( 2004 ). Resilience of community-dwelling