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Stephan R. Fisher, Justin H. Rigby, Joni A. Mettler and Kevin W. McCurdy

) Energy, J 4 4 41.7 39.37 417 J total (208.50 J each lower limb) Energy density, J/cm 2 4 4 1.5 (red) and 4.5 (infrared) 0.85 (super-pulsed infrared laser), 5 (red diodes), and 5.83 (infrared diodes) 1.5 (red) and 4.5 (infrared) Abbreviation: LEDs, light-emitting diodes. Photobiomodulation therapy

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Louise M. Burke, Bronwen Lundy, Ida L. Fahrenholtz and Anna K. Melin

training sessions Inadequate protein intake and poor spread of protein over the day or in relation to training Very high fiber intake and low energy density meaning that large volumes of food need to be consumed High intake of water, artificially sweetened and other noncaloric beverages High intake of

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Gregory A. Hand, Robin P. Shook, Daniel P. O’Connor, Madison M. Kindred, Sarah Schumacher, Clemens Drenowatz, Amanda E. Paluch, Stephanie Burgess, John E. Blundell and Steven N. Blair

energy intake = 1020 Δ FFM Δ t + 9500 Δ FM Δ t + EE , where ΔFFM and ΔFM represent the changes in fat-free mass and fat mass. 21 The energy densities of fat-free mass and fat mass are estimated at 1020 and 9500 kcal/kg, respectively. 23 Statistical Analyses Frequencies and distributions were calculated

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Joanne G. Mirtschin, Sara F. Forbes, Louise E. Cato, Ida A. Heikura, Nicki Strobel, Rebecca Hall and Louise M. Burke

associated with a lower food mass and a lower intake and energy density of micronutrients than were the HCHO and PCHO diets. These findings are intuitive, given the extreme target (75–80% of energy) from an energy-dense macronutrient and the need to eliminate or restrict many nutrient-dense or fortified

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Alba Reguant-Closa, Margaret M. Harris, Tim G. Lohman and Nanna L. Meyer

). Sport nutrition knowledge, behaviors and beliefs of high school soccer players . Nutrients, 9 ( 350 ), 1 – 14 . doi:10.3390/nu9040350 10.3390/nu9040350 Melin , A. , Tornberg , Å.B. , Skouby , S. , Møller , S.S. , Faber , J. , Sundgot-Borgen , J. , & Sjödin , A. ( 2016 ). Low-energy

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Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo, Christopher Hawkins and Sara Iman

: impacts of school siting and surrounding environments on traffic safety . J Plan Educ Res . 2016 ; 36 ( 4 ): 476 – 486 . doi:10.1177/0739456X15616460 10.1177/0739456X15616460 30. Drewnowski A . Obesity and the food environment: dietary energy density and diet costs . Am J Prev Med . 2004 ; 27 ( 3

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Linn Bøhler, Sílvia Ribeiro Coutinho, Jens F. Rehfeld, Linda Morgan and Catia Martins

that habitually active individuals show increased sensitivity to the energy density of foods ( Beaulieu et al., 2016 ). Chronic aerobic exercise seems to have a dual effect on appetite; it increases the orexigenic drive to eat, both in fasting and throughout the day (if significant weight loss [WL] is

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Laura Žlibinaitė, Rima Solianik, Daiva Vizbaraitė, Dalia Mickevičienė and Albertas Skurvydas

reduce energy intake by reducing portion size and by replacing energy-dense foods with those with a lower energy density. Individualized nutrition plans were prepared based on the nutrition habits of the participants, as described in the 4-day (2 weekend days and 2 weekdays) food diaries. During the 6

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Gina L. Trakman, Adrienne Forsyth, Kane Middleton, Russell Hoye, Sarah Jenner, Stephen Keenan and Regina Belski

the groups were statistically significant. Concepts related to energy density and energy balance appeared to be poorly understood (see Supplementary Table 1 [available online]). Knowledge of weight management is likely to be subject to social influences and impacted by concerns with body size and

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Anna K. Melin, Ida A. Heikura, Adam Tenforde and Margo Mountjoy

during periods of high-intensity training, especially when combined with adherence to ultrahealthy or “clean” eating with low energy density diets ( Burke et al., 2018c ; Melin et al., 2016 ). Energy intake may be suboptimal due to other factors including lack of financial or time resources as well as