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  • Psychology and Behavior in Sport/Exercise x
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Mandy L. Gault, Richard E. Clements and Mark E.T. Willems

Cardiovascular responses of older adults to downhill (DTW, –10% incline) and level treadmill walking (0%) at self-selected walking speed (SSWS) were examined. Fifteen participants (age 68 ± 4 yr, height 1.69 ± 0.08 m, body mass 74.7 ± 8.1 kg) completed two 15-min walks at their SSWS (4.6 ± 0.6 km/hr). Cardiovascular responses were estimated using an arterial-volume finger clamp and infrared plethysmography. Oxygen consumption was 25% lower during DTW and associated with lower values for stroke volume (9.9 ml/beat), cardiac output (1.0 L/min), arteriovenous oxygen difference (a-v O2 diff, 2.4 ml/L), and systolic blood pressure (10 mmHg), with no differences in heart rate or diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure. Total peripheral resistance (TPR) was higher (2.11 mmHg) during DTW. During downhill walking, an exercise performed with reduced cardiac strain, endothelial changes, and reduced metabolic demand may be responsible for the different responses in TPR and a-v O2 diff. Future work is warranted on whether downhill walking is suitable for higher risk populations.

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Jenny Meggs, Mark Chen and Danielle Mounfield

. Alternatively, sex differences in digit ratios could arise if bones from different fingers are differentially receptive to sex steroids or if the bones of different fingers have similar responses to sex steroids but differ in their temporal pattern of growth. However, it should be noted that specific direct

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Marianne Jover, Mathilde Cellier and Celine Scola

according to context. They found more transitional opening and closing of the hands, and more thumb-index finger activity during face-to-face interactions with their mothers than during exposure to a moving object on its own. These studies, like those featuring the still-face paradigm (e.g.,  Tronick, Als

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Kate Riegle van West, Cathy Stinear and Ralph Buck

identify them among 15 new words or shapes. For delayed recognition, the test was repeated at the end of the test battery. (b) Finger tapping: the participant presses the space bar with the index finger as many times as possible in 10 s. (c) Symbol digit coding: symbols and numbers are linked in an answer

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Mynor Rodriguez-Hernandez, Jeffrey S. Martin, David D. Pascoe, Michael D. Roberts and Danielle W. Wadsworth

arrived to the Exercise Adherence Laboratory ≥8-h fasted and immediately performed a “finger stick” for capillary blood glucose measurement using the aforementioned point-of-care glucometer, followed by a standardized meal consisting of 2 cups of cereal (160 kcal, 2 g total fat, 105 mg sodium, 30 g

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Lena Hübner, Solveig Vieluf, Ben Godde and Claudia Voelcker-Rehage

Cognitive Assessment; Subj. hand usage = self-reported hand use (sum score of nine items, 5-point scale); Pegboard (right hand) = mean score of three trials with the right hand; Pinch strength = maximum voluntary contraction of index finger and thumb, maximal value out of three trials; Physical activity

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Mette Rørth, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Prue Cormie, John L. Oliffe and Julie Midtgaard

[puts his hands in the air] all of my fingers are crooked, you see? It’s from when I used to play handball; they are all sprained – twenty times!” (Tobias, 63 years old) The body and fingers of this participant told a story of a sports career, the prized bent fingers submitted as evidence testifying

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John Kerr

considered an act of unsanctioned aggression, but it was unintentional: I did break a girl’s fingers off the ball one time. She would not release the ball, she had to release it, I just went for fingers and ended up breaking one or two of her fingers. It wasn’t that I went in there saying I’m going to break

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Christopher A. Bailey, Maxana Weiss and Julie N. Côté

to target middle and PD specifically BI and TRI BI: two-thirds distal on the line between the acromion process and the cubital fossa TRI: two finger breadths medial to the midpoint of the posterior aspect of the acromion process and the olecranon process Standing, elbow flexed at 90° and palm open

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Eva D’Hondt, Fotini Venetsanou, Antonis Kambas and Matthieu Lenoir

Coordination  Bilateral coordination   Jumping in place, same sides synchronized 0–5 0–3   Tapping feet and fingers, same sides synchronized 0–10 0–4  Balance   Walking forward on a line 0–6 0–4   Standing on balance beam, eyes open 0–10 0–4 Strength