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K. Dillon and Harry Prapavessis

has been shown to have positive effects on glycemic control in people with Type 2 diabetes ( Edwardson et al., 2017 ). It has previously been reported that every 30 min of SB reallocated to light PA results in a 2–4% improvement in triglycerides, insulin, and beta-cell function biomarkers, suggesting

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Namkee G. Choi, Diana M. DiNitto, John E. Sullivan and Bryan Y. Choi

combined exercise trainings are highly effective for improving glycemic control, reducing risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease (the main cause of mortality among those with diabetes) and the development and progression of chronic kidney disease, and for ameliorating depression in patients

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Guy El Hajj Boutros, José A. Morais and Antony D. Karelis

% improvement in gait speed. High-intensity resistance training has also been reported to be effective in improving insulin sensitivity and glycemic control. For example, 16 weeks of progressive heavy resistance and explosive strength training (two times per week; three to five sets; five to six repetitions

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Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Yorgi Mavros and Maria A. Fiatarone Singh

compared with healthy peers. 3 Structured exercise or behavioral interventions (either PA alone or PA + dietary behavioral change programs) are effective methods to improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. 4 Although some studies have demonstrated short-term improvements in PA as well, 5 , 6 these

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Timothy J. Walker, Jessica M. Tullar, Pamela M. Diamond, Harold W. Kohl III and Benjamin C. Amick III

composition, reduce blood pressure, and improve glycemic control. 20 – 22 There is little evidence that stretching behavior alone provides health benefits. However, stretching is a key component of physical fitness and exercises, such as yoga, which can positively impact mental health. 23 – 25 Participating

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Emma L. Sweeney, Daniel J. Peart, Irene Kyza, Thomas Harkes, Jason G. Ellis and Ian H. Walshe

criteria included shift workers; regular travel across time zones (>3 times a year) or in the past 4 weeks; presence of any disorders which may influence glycemic control (such as diabetes) or sleep (such as obstructive sleep apnea); current or previous medication in the past year which may have impacted

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Joowon Lee, Baojiang Chen, Harold W. Kohl III, Carolyn E. Barlow, Chong Do Lee, Nina B. Radford, Laura F. DeFina and Kelley P. Gabriel

. Resistance training has been associated with a number of beneficial effects on risk factors implicated in the development of carotid atherosclerosis, including glycemic control in the setting of Type 2 diabetes ( Castaneda et al., 2002 ), blood pressure ( Cornelissen, Fagard, Coeckelberghs, & Vanhees, 2011

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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

Mexican Americans . J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci . 2005 ; 60 : 1152 – 1156 . PubMed ID: 16183955 doi:10.1093/gerona/60.9.1152 10.1093/gerona/60.9.1152 6. de Rekeneire N , Rooks RN , Simonsick EM , et al . Racial differences in glycemic control in a well-functioning older diabetic population

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Pedro J. Teixeira, Adilson Marques, Carla Lopes, Luís B. Sardinha and Jorge A. Mota

adults are sufficiently active, with England, Norway, and Sweden showing similar prevalence values. 16 Loyen et al 16 also concluded that 67% of Portuguese adults spent more than 7.5 hours per day in sedentary time, which may affect several morbidity markers such as glycemic control. 17 A limitation of

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Tanya Prewitt-White, Christopher P. Connolly, Yuri Feito, Alexandra Bladek, Sarah Forsythe, Logan Hamel and Mary Ryan McChesney

, Ruiz, Rodríguez-Romo, Montejo-Rodríguez, & Lucia, 2010 ; Barakat, Ruiz, Stirling, Zakynthinaki, & Lucia, 2009 ), and positively affects glycemic control in gestational diabetic women ( de Barros, Lopes, Francisco, Sapienza, & Zugaib, 2010 ). However, the health effects of vigorous-intensity resistance