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Guy El Hajj Boutros, José A. Morais and Antony D. Karelis

% improvement in gait speed. High-intensity resistance training has also been reported to be effective in improving insulin sensitivity and glycemic control. For example, 16 weeks of progressive heavy resistance and explosive strength training (two times per week; three to five sets; five to six repetitions

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Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Yorgi Mavros and Maria A. Fiatarone Singh

compared with healthy peers. 3 Structured exercise or behavioral interventions (either PA alone or PA + dietary behavioral change programs) are effective methods to improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. 4 Although some studies have demonstrated short-term improvements in PA as well, 5 , 6 these

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Timothy J. Walker, Jessica M. Tullar, Pamela M. Diamond, Harold W. Kohl III and Benjamin C. Amick III

composition, reduce blood pressure, and improve glycemic control. 20 – 22 There is little evidence that stretching behavior alone provides health benefits. However, stretching is a key component of physical fitness and exercises, such as yoga, which can positively impact mental health. 23 – 25 Participating

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Emma L. Sweeney, Daniel J. Peart, Irene Kyza, Thomas Harkes, Jason G. Ellis and Ian H. Walshe

criteria included shift workers; regular travel across time zones (>3 times a year) or in the past 4 weeks; presence of any disorders which may influence glycemic control (such as diabetes) or sleep (such as obstructive sleep apnea); current or previous medication in the past year which may have impacted

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Joowon Lee, Baojiang Chen, Harold W. Kohl III, Carolyn E. Barlow, Chong Do Lee, Nina B. Radford, Laura F. DeFina and Kelley P. Gabriel

. Resistance training has been associated with a number of beneficial effects on risk factors implicated in the development of carotid atherosclerosis, including glycemic control in the setting of Type 2 diabetes ( Castaneda et al., 2002 ), blood pressure ( Cornelissen, Fagard, Coeckelberghs, & Vanhees, 2011

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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

Mexican Americans . J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci . 2005 ; 60 : 1152 – 1156 . PubMed ID: 16183955 doi:10.1093/gerona/60.9.1152 10.1093/gerona/60.9.1152 6. de Rekeneire N , Rooks RN , Simonsick EM , et al . Racial differences in glycemic control in a well-functioning older diabetic population

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Pedro J. Teixeira, Adilson Marques, Carla Lopes, Luís B. Sardinha and Jorge A. Mota

adults are sufficiently active, with England, Norway, and Sweden showing similar prevalence values. 16 Loyen et al 16 also concluded that 67% of Portuguese adults spent more than 7.5 hours per day in sedentary time, which may affect several morbidity markers such as glycemic control. 17 A limitation of

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Yuri Alberto Freire, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de Macêdo, Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Ágnes Denise de Lima Bezerra, Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh, José Cazuza de Farias Júnior, Kevin F. Boreskie, Todd A. Duhamel and Eduardo Caldas Costa

4 days of high sedentary behavior (ie, 14 h/d of sedentary behavior). Despite the absence of a glucose-lowering effect of LV-HIIE, we do not rule out a beneficial effect of this exercise approach on other markers of glycemic control, such as postprandial insulin levels. Future studies should address

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Whitney A. Welch, Scott J. Strath, Michael Brondino, Renee Walker and Ann M. Swartz

significantly reduced peak postprandial glucose excursion in older adults. In addition, there was a significant effect of activity condition on glucose AUC. These results suggest the addition of LPA may help improve glycemic control in older adults. Our results are in parallel with previous research examining

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Kin-Kit Li, Lorna Ng, Sheung-Tak Cheng and Helene H. Fung

activate a prevention orientation ( Cesario et al., 2013 ), thus explaining the framing effects. Because PA enhances glycemic control and reduces potential complications ( Sigal et al., 2006 ), physicians often encourage patients with diabetes to participate in PA. In a clinical setting, older adults with