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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

sagittal and transverse plane motions of the foot or upon more proximal joints. The assessment of how footwear influences lower limb kinematics may help to elucidate mechanisms by which injury risk can be mitigated, as hip and knee joint kinematics have been linked to the development of overuse running

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Jonathan A. Gastel, John A. Bergfeld, Gary J. Calabrese and Robert S. Gray

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Gerald McGinty and James J. Irrgang

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Abbey C. Thomas, Janet E. Simon, Rachel Evans, Michael J. Turner, Luzita I. Vela and Phillip A. Gribble

The knee is the most commonly injured joint in the body with 10% of all musculoskeletal injuries that occur being sustained at the knee. 1 Knee injury increases a person’s lifetime risk of developing knee osteoarthritis (OA) approximately 4-fold compared with those who have never sustained a knee

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Aaron D. Sciascia, Arthur J. Nitz, Patrick O. McKeon, Jennifer Havens and Timothy L. Uhl

. Knee injury is a common occurrence in athletics. 15 – 20 However, determining return to preinjury levels of activity following athletic knee injury is challenging as many factors including physical, psychological, and social influences can positively and negatively affect the return-to-play decision

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Guilherme S. Nunes, Débora Faria Wolf, Daniel Augusto dos Santos, Marcos de Noronha and Fábio Viadanna Serrão

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common knee disorder that affects people of both sexes in different ages and levels of physical activity. 1 , 2 The prevalence of PFP in the general population is around 20%, and the prevalence in females has been reported to be as high as 30%. 1 PFP is

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Abbigail Ristow, Matthew Besch, Drew Rutherford and Thomas W. Kernozek

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most common overuse injury, comprising of 46% of all knee injuries, and those most commonly affected by PFP include recreational runners, women, and those <34 years old. 1 PFP commonly occurs during weight-bearing activities with repetitive knee flexion, such as

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Özlem Aslan, Elif Balevi Batur and Jale Meray

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease, and it usually affects medial tibiofemoral and patellofemoral compartmants. 1 Sixty-five percent of people with knee pain over 50 years or older have OA. 2 The main symptoms of OA are pain and physical disability. 3 The pathogenesis of OA is

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Francesca Genoese, Shelby Baez and Johanna M. Hoch

Clinical Scenario More than 2.5 million athletic injuries present to emergency departments each year, and approximately 700,000 are knee injuries. 1 Common knee injuries that may occur during athletic participation include sprains, strains, contusions, fractures, dislocations, and tendinopathies

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Emmanuel Frimpong, Joanne A. McVeigh and Rebecca M. Meiring

sclerosis ( Ickinger & Tikly, 2010 ; Woolf & Pfleger, 2003 ). Knee OA is the most common form of OA accounting for 41% of limb arthritis ( Wood, Brock, Heil, Holmes, & Weusten, 2013 ). Patients with knee OA also have severe knee pain ( van Dijk et al., 2008 ; Wallis, Webster, Levinger, & Taylor, 2013