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Bent R. Rønnestad, Joar Hansen, Ivana Hollan, Matt Spencer and Stian Ellefsen

The current study investigated the effects of 8 wk of strength-training cessation after 25 wk of strength training on strength- and cycling-performance characteristics. Elite cyclists were randomly assigned to either 25 wk of endurance training combined with heavy strength training (EXP, n = 7, maximal oxygen uptake [V̇O2max] 77 ± 6 mL . kg-1 . min-1; 3 × 4–10 RM, 1 to 2 d/wk) or to endurance training only (CON, n = 7, V̇O2max 73 ± 5 mL . kg-1 . min-1). Thereafter, both groups performed endurance training only for 8 wk, coinciding with the initial part of the competition season. Data were assessed for practical significance using magnitude-based inferences. During the 25-wk preparatory period, EXP had a larger positive impact on maximal isometric half-squat force, squat jump (SJ), maximal aerobic power (Wmax), power output at 4 mmol/L [La], and mean power in 30-s Wingate test than did CON (ES = 0.46-0.74). Conversely, during the 8-wk competition period EXP had a reduction in SJ, Wmax, and mean power in the 30-s Wingate test compared with CON (ES = 0.49-0.84). The present findings suggest rapid decline of adaptations on termination of strength training during the first 8 wk of the competition period in elite cyclists.

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Nattai R. Borges, Aaron T. Scanlan, Peter R. Reaburn and Thomas M. Doering

(kilometers per week) and aerobic cycling performance (maximal oxygen consumption [VO 2 max] and peak power output [PPO]). All subjects were informed about the study and consented to participate, and procedures were approved by the Central Queensland University Human Research Ethics Committee in accordance

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Blaine E. Arney, Reese Glover, Andrea Fusco, Cristina Cortis, Jos J. de Koning, Teun van Erp, Salvador Jaime, Richard P. Mikat, John P. Porcari and Carl Foster

hard for overall intensity. Based on responses during preliminary exercise testing, each interval training session consisted of four 4-minute intervals at 50%, 75%, or 85% of peak power output with a 1-minute interset rest period at 25 W. In addition to the 4 intervals, an incremental 5-minute warm

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Arthur H. Bossi, Wouter P. Timmerman and James G. Hopker

(age 33 [10] y; height 178 [11] cm; body mass 76.0 [15.1] kg; maximal oxygen uptake 51.4 [5.1] mL·kg −1 ·min −1 ; peak power output 4.69 [0.45] W·kg −1 ) participated in this study after providing written informed consent. The University of Kent ethics committee approved the study in compliance with

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Davide Ferioli, Andrea Bosio, Johann C. Bilsborough, Antonio La Torre, Michele Tornaghi and Ermanno Rampinini

followed by a fast upward movement with the aim to jump as high as possible. During the concentric phase of each CMJ, absolute peak power output (PPO abs ), absolute peak force (PF abs ), and jump height were measured. Furthermore, PPO abs and PF abs were normalized to each athlete’s body mass (PPO rel

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José L. Areta

these circuits. Standard laboratory testing ( Hawley & Noakes, 1992 ) determined 300 W and 5.39 W/kg of absolute and relative aerobic peak power output respectively, and 3.54 L/min and 63.6 ml·kg −1 ·min −1 of absolute and relative V ˙ O 2 max respectively in June 2014. The athlete read the case

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Llion A. Roberts, Johnpaul Caia, Lachlan P. James, Tannath J. Scott and Vincent G. Kelly

increases of both mean and peak power output in the first 3 sprints by 2% to 4% during the early stages of repeated-sprint cycling. They suggested that ischemic preconditioning may have potentiated performance by improving muscle force production following that as it has previously be shown. 25 While

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David N. Borg, Ian B. Stewart, John O. Osborne, Christopher Drovandi, Joseph T. Costello, Jamie Stanley and Geoffrey M. Minett

as performance level-2 cyclists (1−5 performance-level classification scale, where 5 indicates highly trained cyclists) according to the mean peak oxygen consumption ( V ˙ O 2 peak ) and peak power output (PPO), 16 provided informed written consent to participate in the study. All participants had

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Nicola Giovanelli, Lea Biasutti, Desy Salvadego, Hailu K. Alemayehu, Bruno Grassi and Stefano Lazzer

were still significantly lower (by −24.7% [8.2%]; P  < .001) in POST versus PRE. Peak power output and time to exhaustion decreased significantly (by −23.7% [14.3%] and −18.3% [11.3%], respectively; P  < .005) after the race (Table  2 ). No differences were observed for the other peak variables. V

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Joseph A. McQuillan, Julia R. Casadio, Deborah K. Dulson, Paul B. Laursen and Andrew E. Kilding

highest 30-second mean V ˙ O 2 value achieved during the test. Incremental peak power output (PPO) was also determined. Over the following 7 days participants returned to the lab for familiarization purposes to complete two 4-km laboratory-based time trials in a temperate (20°C, 60% RH) environment