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Giovanni Mario Pes, Maria Pina Dore, Alessandra Errigo and Michel Poulain

Human longevity is a multifaceted trait likely due to numerous interacting causes ( Christensen & Vaupel, 1996 ). Among the modifiable factors that have been associated with longer survival, persistent physical activity plays an important role ( Lissner, Bengtsson, Björkelund, & Wedel, 1996

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Amy E. Burton, Louise Clancy and Lisa Cowap

are controlled ( Swanson, Bodner, Sawyer, & Allman, 2012 ), illustrating a need to explore the specific contributions of sight loss to physical activity reduction. Recently, Phoenix, Griffin, and Smith ( 2015 ) proposed that barriers are located within the social worlds of older adults with sight loss

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Richard Cooke, Helena Trebaczyk, Peter Harris and Alison J. Wright

The present study tests whether a self-affirmation intervention (i.e., requiring an individual to focus on a valued aspect of their self-concept, such as honesty) can increase physical activity and change theory of planned behavior (TPB) variables linked to physical activity. Eighty young people completed a longitudinal intervention study. Baseline physical activity was assessed using the Godin Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (LTPAQ). Next, participants were randomly allocated to either a self-affirmation or a nonaffirmation condition. Participants then read information about physical activity and health, and completed measures of TPB variables. One week later, participants again completed LTPAQ and TPB items. At follow up, self-affirmed participants reported significantly more physical activity, more positive attitudes toward physical activity, and higher intentions to be physically active compared with nonaffirmed participants. Neither attitudes nor intentions mediated the effects of self-affirmation on physical activity. Self-affirmation can increase levels of physical activity and TPB variables. Self-affirmation interventions have the potential to become relatively simple methods for increasing physical activity levels.

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Florian Herbolsheimer, Stephanie Mosler, Richard Peter and the ActiFE Ulm Study Group

determinants of mortality showed that the effects of social isolation were comparable with those of smoking and even exceed other well-known risk factors for mortality ( Holt-Lunstad, Smith, & Layton, 2010 ). Physical activity might be one factor that mediates the relationship between social isolation and

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Viviene A. Temple, Dawn L. Lefebvre, Stephanie C. Field, Jeff R. Crane, Beverly Smith and Patti-Jean Naylor

-being of children ( Cushon, Vu, Janzen, & Muhajarine, 2011 ), children’s physical activity levels ( Simen-Kapeu & Veugelers, 2010 ; Singh, Kogan, Siahpush, & van Dyck, 2008 ), and school readiness ( Santos, Brownell, & Ekuma, 2012 ). Disadvantage in childhood is also associated with the manifestation of

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Timothy J. Bungum, Melva Thompson-Robinson, Sheniz Moonie and Monica A.F. Lounsbery

Background:

Health behaviors of minority populations, including Hispanics, are important from a public health perspective because this subpopulation is growing and health behaviors of this subgroup are understudied. Physical activity is a component of healthy lifestyles and Hispanics have been shown to be less active than are Caucasians. It will be necessary to know correlates of physical activity to enhance the physical activity of this group. Recently, the importance of environmental and cultural factors has been recognized as correlates of physical activity behavior. The purpose of this study was to identify environmental and cultural correlates of physical activity among Hispanic adults.

Methods:

A 52-item telephone survey was employed to assess physical activity and its potential correlates.

Results:

The sample included 175 females and 156 males. Respondent ages ranged from 18 to 82 years (x = 38.39 ± 15.0). Approximately 20% of respondents were assigned to a “higher physical activity” group. Predictors of being in this group were having supportive environments, being acculturated, attending some college, and age.

Conclusions:

Providing environmental supports may be an effective strategy to enhance physical activity levels of adult Hispanics. Older Hispanics, those with lower educational attainments and those of lower acculturation should be targeted for intervention.

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Allyson Brothers and Manfred Diehl

intervention program, and whether doing so increases engagement in health-promoting behaviors. Therefore, we designed the Aging Plus program with a focus on changing adults’ perceptions and expectations about aging in order to motivate greater participation in physical activity. This study evaluated the

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Mark Ward, Sarah Gibney, David O’Callaghan and Sinead Shannon

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality and is associated with 3.2 million deaths per year ( World Health Organization [WHO], 2015 ). Regular physical activity, such as walking, cycling, playing sport, or gardening

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María Hernández, Fabrício Zambom-Ferraresi, Pilar Cebollero, Javier Hueto, José Antonio Cascante and María M. Antón

Recently, several studies have observed that reduced levels of physical activity are associated with an increased risk of mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ( García-Aymerich, Lange, Benet, Schnohr, & Antó, 2006 ; Pitta et al., 2005 ; Troosters et al., 2010

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Xiangli Gu, Senlin Chen and Xiaoxia Zhang

Less than half of the children in the United States (U.S.) meet the physical activity (PA) guidelines ( Institution of Medicine [IOM], 2013 ; Tremblay et al., 2014 ). Physical inactivity is associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease mortality ( Saunders et