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Bradley S. Beardt, Myranda R. McCollum, Taylour J. Hinshaw, Jacob S. Layer, Margaret A. Wilson, Qin Zhu and Boyi Dai

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries place a financial burden on society and result in decreased physical function, increased risk of ACL reinjury, and higher prevalence and earlier onset of knee osteoarthritis. 1 , 2 Although ACL injury prevention programs have been shown to decrease ACL

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Masafumi Terada, Megan Beard, Sara Carey, Kate Pfile, Brian Pietrosimone, Elizabeth Rullestad, Heather Whitaker and Phillip Gribble

, and intervention needs of CAI patients to improve markers of physical function. Therefore, the objective of the study was to compare static postural control during a single-leg stance task using a nonlinear dynamic approach between CAI, LAS copers, and healthy control cohorts. Specifically, we aimed

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Susana Meireles, Neil D. Reeves, Richard K. Jones, Colin R. Smith, Darryl G. Thelen and Ilse Jonkers

: 23559821 doi:10.4103/0975-7406.106561 10.4103/0975-7406.106561 23559821 18. Liikivainio T , Lyytinen T , Tyrvainen E , Sipila S , Arokoski J . Physical function and properties of quadriceps femoris muscle in men with knee osteoarthritis . Arch Phys Med Rehabil . 2008 ; 89 : 2185 – 2194

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James H. Rimmer

During the last 15 years a growing number of persons with mental retardation (MR) have been relocated from large congregate facilities to residences in the community. With this trend comes the realization that exercise specialists employed in community based fitness centers will have to address the needs of a growing number of adults with MR who are beginning to access these facilities. Since adults with MR present themselves as a unique group in terms of their cognitive and physical function, this paper will address specific exercise guidelines that must be considered when developing cardiovascular fitness programs for this population.

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Carrie S. Baker, Jennifer M. Medina McKeon and Ellen L. Usher

Self-efficacy of balance, a psychological characteristic, may provide information regarding psychological risk factors for lower-extremity injury. Validated instruments to assess self-efficacy of balance do not currently exist. The objective of this study was to determine the face and content validity of the Self-Efficacy of Balance Scale (SEBS) for an adolescent population, as well as content validity, construct and convergent validity of the overall instrument. A series of panelists (n = 11) assessed proposed items for face and content validity for self-efficacy of balance. Construct and convergent validity were assessed with active college individuals (n = 74) and female high school basketball athletes (n = 57). Original items were revised to 21 items. Panelists validated both face and content validity of the SEBS. All items were assessed to have the construct of self-efficacy. Evidence of convergent validity supported the proposed construct of self-efficacy, and was found to be relevant to the physical functioning of a young, active population.

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Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Celina Shirazipour and Krystn Orr

physical activity interventions (both lifestyle physical activity and exercise) for improving physical functioning, psychological well-being, and/or physical activity participation in persons with disabilities. One of the strengths highlighted in this line of research is its diverse use of intervention

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Melissa Bittner

/severe disabilities and students with limited mobility (e.g., Motor Activity Training Program, [ Special Olympics International, 1989 ], CTAPE and LaMAP Assessment Supplement [ Louisiana Department of Education, 2015 ]). In Chapter 7, the authors progress to discussing the topic of physical function (e

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Trisha Patel and Neeru Jayanthi

who participated in club and intramural sports ( Simon & Docherty, 2014 ). Simon and Docherty also reported that the recreational athlete controls in their study scored better than the general non-athlete US population on physical function, depression, and pain interferences scales, suggesting a

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Joseph Peters, Ian Rice and Tyson Bull

’s functional level, ranging from Class 1.0 (minimum physical function) to Class 4.5 (maximum physical function), where higher class players tend to be more active close to the rim compared with lower class players who score more frequently from the perimeter ( Doi, Mutsuzaki, Tachibana, Wadano, & Iwai, 2018

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Byron Lai, Eunbi Lee, Mayumi Wagatsuma, Georgia Frey, Heidi Stanish, Taeyou Jung and James H. Rimmer

samples that cross various disability groups. Instead of recruiting individuals with a specific disability type (i.e., condition), studies can reach a larger group of individuals by including people with disabilities based upon some more global measure or criteria, such as physical function. In fact, some