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Ahmadreza Nematollahi, Fahimeh Kamali, Ali Ghanbari, Zahra Etminan and Sobhan Sobhani

The aim of this study was to examine and compare the effects of conventional, multisensory, and dual-task exercises on balance ability in a group of older community dwellers over a four-week period. Forty-four older people were randomly assigned to one of the three training groups. The score on the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) scale, gait stability ratio, and walking speed were evaluated at baseline and after four weeks of training. All three groups showed significant (p < .001) improvement in the FAB scores following the three training programs (on average, 3 points for the conventional and multisensory groups and 3.8 points for the dual-task group). The improvements were comparable across the three intervention groups (p = .23). There were no statistically significant differences, neither within nor between groups, in the gait stability ratio and walking speed across the three training groups. In a four-week period, all the training modes were effective in improving balance of older adults, with no significant superiority of one mode of training over another.

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Jin Hyuck Lee, Ji Soon Park and Woong Kyo Jeong

scapular muscles, accompanied by core muscles exercise on a Swiss ball. Comparative Outcome After 4 months of physiotherapy, this patient reported 1 or 2/10 on the VAS, and 43 Nm of ER, 51 Nm of IR, 60 Nm of abduction, and 68 Nm of flexion in isokinetic muscle strength. In regard to activity limitations or

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Miguel A. Sanchez-Lastra, Kyle J. Miller, Rodolfo I. Martínez-Lemos, Antón Giráldez and Carlos Ayán

, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, and the physiotherapy evidence database. The search was based on the population, intervention, comparison, and outcome strategy. Following the recommendations from Cochrane’s Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions, 28 only terms regarding the population

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Lütfiye Akkurt, İpek Alemdaroğlu Gürbüz, Ayşe Karaduman and Öznur Tunca Yilmaz

flexibility assessments in physiotherapy evaluations. In the literature, studies investigating the effects of flexibility on performance in different patient groups have been conducted. Çon et al ( 6 ) investigated the effects of volleyball players’ flexibility and fat percentage values on their vertical jump

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Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Parisa Alaei, Soofia Naghdi, Zahra Fakhari, Shiva Komesh and Jan Dommerholt

alignment, and can lead to muscle injury. 5 A recent study found that decreases in hamstring muscle length are associated with developing low back pain. 6 It follows that a priority of physiotherapy or conditioning programs must be improving hamstring muscle length and reducing the risk of injury

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Viviane Ribeiro de Ávila, Teresa Bento, Wellington Gomes, José Leitão and Nelson Fortuna de Sousa

the tibia and fibula); epidemiologic studies; case reports; review articles; or systematic review. Assessment of Methodological Quality The reviewer (V.R.d.A.), previously trained, assessed the methodological quality of each study selected (n = 5) using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro

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Özlem Feyzioğlu, Özgul Öztürk, Bilsen Sirmen and Selim Muğrabi

home program). Details of this program can be seen in Figure  1 . Our outpatient protocol that started in a physiotherapy clinic was divided into 2 time periods after the surgical procedure as follows: 2 to 4 weeks and 4 to 8 weeks. An experienced physiotherapist supervised all patients at the clinic

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Helen M. Binkley and Lauren E. Rudd

Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale (PEDro scale). The PEDro scale was selected because it was developed to assess the methodological quality of RCTs and clinical practice guidelines. Reliability and validity for the PEDro scale have been established. 46 – 48 The 11 items of the PEDro scale are shown in

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Jordan Bettleyon and Thomas W. Kaminski

therapy, light therapy • Comparison: sham, no low-level laser therapy • Outcome: creatine kinase, blood lactate Databases Searched –PubMed –Google Scholar –ScienceDirect –Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria Inclusion Criteria • Use of LLLT • Evaluation of CK or BL

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Dominique C. Leibbrandt and Quinette A. Louw

in Cape Town, South Africa. The interventions were done at the Tygerberg Medical Campus Physiotherapy Clinic at the same location. Participants The population was composed of males and females between the ages of 18 and 40 with AKP, residing Cape Town, South Africa. This age range was chosen in order