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Clara Teixidor-Batlle, Carles Ventura Vall-llovera, Justine J. Reel and Ana Andrés

Sport participation provides a range of positive health benefits, but a variety of factors can pressure an athlete to push himself or herself toward an unhealthy body weight or unrealistic performance threshold ( Cosh, Crabb, Kettler, LeCouteur, & Tully, 2015 ; Reel & Volker, 2012 ), resulting in

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Zachary W. Bell, Scott J. Dankel, Robert W. Spitz, Raksha N. Chatakondi, Takashi Abe and Jeremy P. Loenneke

The current literature suggests that the blood flow restriction pressure be set relative to an individual’s arterial occlusion pressure (AOP) as this will account for the cuff used and the size of the limb to which the cuff is applied. 1 However, this method of blood flow restriction is available

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Zhen Zeng, Christoph Centner, Albert Gollhofer and Daniel König

BFR promotes increases in muscle mass and strength to a similar extent as traditional high-load training. 1 – 3 Besides cuff width 4 – 6 and the duration of BFR, 7 cuff pressure intensity is considered to be one of the most important determinants for optimal training adaptations 8 , 9 with both

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Anna M. Ifarraguerri, Danielle M. Torp, Abbey C. Thomas and Luke Donovan

increased inversion, 7 , 9 increased lateral peak plantar pressure, 12 , 13 and a more laterally-deviated center of pressure (COP) during walking when compared to individuals with no LAS history. 12 , 13 These modified gait patterns are thought to contribute to the repetitive ankle sprains and lasting

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Joseph Peters, Ian Rice and Tyson Bull

( Rice, Peters, Rice, & Jan, 2018 ). Consequently, adapted athletes may be at an increased risk for experiencing elevated interface pressures and shears, which relate to skin breakdown and pressure ulcers (PU; Cooper & De Luigi, 2014 ). PU are soft tissue injuries to the skin and underlying tissue at

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Emma Weston, Matthew Nagy, Tiwaloluwa A. Ajibewa, Molly O’Sullivan, Shannon Block and Rebecca E. Hasson

, thickening of the carotid vessel wall, and even subtle changes in cognition, are detectable in children with increased blood pressure (BP) ( 18 ). More importantly, cardiovascular risk factors track from childhood to adulthood, hence developing more effective strategies to reduce hypertension has both

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Mike Stoker, Ian Maynard, Joanne Butt, Kate Hays and Paul Hughes

Performance pressure, defined as “any factor or combination of factors that increases the importance of performing well on a particular occasion” ( Baumeister, 1984 ; p. 610), has been shown to cause individuals to perform below their actual ability ( DeCaro, Thomas, Albert, & Beilock, 2011 ). This

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Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel

pressures in a specific sport environment ( Galli, Petrie, Reel, Chatterton, & Baghurst, 2014 ). Weight pressure is an umbrella term that encompasses any perceived pressures to change body weight, shape, size, or appearance in a sport context ( Reel & Gill, 1996 ; Reel, Petrie, SooHoo, & Anderson, 2013

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Rob Gray, Anders Orn and Tim Woodman

Introduction There have been several different theories proposed to explain pressure-induced failures/errors in performance (reviewed in Beilock & Gray, 2007 ). While numerous researchers have attempted to test the proposed causal links between pressure, anxiety, and performance in these theories

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Banu Unver, Emin Ulas Erdem and Eda Akbas

patellofemoral pain syndrome are also associated with pes planus. 4 – 7 Excessive pronation in pes planus causes ground reaction forces to deviate medially during stance phase of the gait. 8 Thus, altered dynamic function and related foot deformities result in abnormal plantar pressure pattern in pes planus. 9