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Denise M. Hill, Sheldon Hanton, Nic Matthews and Scott Fleming

This study explores the antecedents, mechanisms, influencing variables, and consequences of choking in sport and identifies interventions that may alleviate choking. Through the use of qualitative methods, the experiences of six elite golfers who choked frequently under pressure were examined and compared with five elite golfers who excelled frequently under pressure. The perspectives of four coaches who had worked extensively with elite golfers who had choked and excelled, were also considered. The study indicated that the participants choked as a result of distraction, which was caused by various stressors. Self-confidence, preparation, and perfectionism were identified as key influencing variables of the participants’ choking episodes, and the consequence of choking was a significant drop in performance that affected negatively future performances. Process goals, cognitive restructuring, imagery, simulated training, and a pre/postshot routine were perceived as interventions that may possibly prevent choking.

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Zhen Zeng, Christoph Centner, Albert Gollhofer and Daniel König

BFR promotes increases in muscle mass and strength to a similar extent as traditional high-load training. 1 – 3 Besides cuff width 4 – 6 and the duration of BFR, 7 cuff pressure intensity is considered to be one of the most important determinants for optimal training adaptations 8 , 9 with both

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Anna M. Ifarraguerri, Danielle M. Torp, Abbey C. Thomas and Luke Donovan

increased inversion, 7 , 9 increased lateral peak plantar pressure, 12 , 13 and a more laterally-deviated center of pressure (COP) during walking when compared to individuals with no LAS history. 12 , 13 These modified gait patterns are thought to contribute to the repetitive ankle sprains and lasting

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Joseph Peters, Ian Rice and Tyson Bull

( Rice, Peters, Rice, & Jan, 2018 ). Consequently, adapted athletes may be at an increased risk for experiencing elevated interface pressures and shears, which relate to skin breakdown and pressure ulcers (PU; Cooper & De Luigi, 2014 ). PU are soft tissue injuries to the skin and underlying tissue at

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Emma Weston, Matthew Nagy, Tiwaloluwa A. Ajibewa, Molly O’Sullivan, Shannon Block and Rebecca E. Hasson

, thickening of the carotid vessel wall, and even subtle changes in cognition, are detectable in children with increased blood pressure (BP) ( 18 ). More importantly, cardiovascular risk factors track from childhood to adulthood, hence developing more effective strategies to reduce hypertension has both

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Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel

pressures in a specific sport environment ( Galli, Petrie, Reel, Chatterton, & Baghurst, 2014 ). Weight pressure is an umbrella term that encompasses any perceived pressures to change body weight, shape, size, or appearance in a sport context ( Reel & Gill, 1996 ; Reel, Petrie, SooHoo, & Anderson, 2013

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Mike Stoker, Ian Maynard, Joanne Butt, Kate Hays and Paul Hughes

Performance pressure, defined as “any factor or combination of factors that increases the importance of performing well on a particular occasion” ( Baumeister, 1984 ; p. 610), has been shown to cause individuals to perform below their actual ability ( DeCaro, Thomas, Albert, & Beilock, 2011 ). This

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Rob Gray, Anders Orn and Tim Woodman

Introduction There have been several different theories proposed to explain pressure-induced failures/errors in performance (reviewed in Beilock & Gray, 2007 ). While numerous researchers have attempted to test the proposed causal links between pressure, anxiety, and performance in these theories

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Banu Unver, Emin Ulas Erdem and Eda Akbas

patellofemoral pain syndrome are also associated with pes planus. 4 – 7 Excessive pronation in pes planus causes ground reaction forces to deviate medially during stance phase of the gait. 8 Thus, altered dynamic function and related foot deformities result in abnormal plantar pressure pattern in pes planus. 9

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Phillip Ward

serves the teaching of children and youth in public schools ( Bulger, Jones, Taliaferro, & Wayda, 2015 ; Metzler et al., 2015 ; Templin et al., 2014 ; Ward, 2016 ; Ward et al., 2017 ). My task in this article is to describe the pipeline (i.e., the setting); its policy pressure points (i