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Anna-Eva Prick, Jacomine de Lange, Erik Scherder, Jos Twisk and Anne Margriet Pot

quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs), variations in study design, and methods of analysis. In examining the effects of physical exercise on cognitive functioning, few home-based studies have been performed among people with dementia living in the community ( Forbes et al., 2015 ; Forbes, Thiessen

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Liane S. Lewis, Barnabas Shaw, Srijit Banerjee, Pryscilla Dieguez, James Hernon, Nigel Belshaw and John M. Saxton

using SDT, additional research needs to explore the usefulness of this theory in changing PA behavior in older people. Methods Study Design This was a two-armed nonblinded, parallel randomized controlled trial with equal sample size. Participants ( N  = 31) with bowel polyps were equally randomized to

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Marina Arkkukangas, Susanna Tuvemo Johnson, Karin Hellström, Elisabeth Anens, Michail Tonkonogi and Ulf Larsson

has also been applied effectively in other areas of health care ( Miller & Rollnick, 2013 ). This 2-year follow-up randomized controlled trial (RCT), which includes a 3- and 12-month follow-up in older community-dwelling adults who needed walking aids or home support, investigates the effectiveness of

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Jeanette M. Thom, Sharon M. Nelis, Jennifer K. Cooney, John V. Hindle, Ian R. Jones and Linda Clare

eligible for inclusion in the study. There were no other inclusion/exclusion criteria. All participants provided written informed consent. Study Design This small-scale 12-month randomized controlled trial has previously been detailed ( Clare et al., 2012 ; Clare et al., 2015 ). The trial was a GS

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Noemi Moreno-Segura, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Yéntel Ballester-Gil, María Clara Blasco-Igual and Jose María Blasco

compared Pilates to control groups performing a daily routine, and all the studies were reported before 2013. The current systematic review and meta-analysis provides more up-to-date evidence and includes only randomized controlled trials (RCT). This aims (a) to determine the effects of Pilates on balance

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Chonticha Kaewjoho, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Lugkana Mato, Saowanee Nakmaroeng, Supaporn Phadungkit and Sugalya Amatachaya

-blind, randomized controlled trial (assessor blinded) in community-dwelling older adults, aged 65 years and older, from several rural communities in Thailand from November 2016 to September 2018 (clinical trial registration number: NCT02919514). The eligible subjects needed to be able to walk independently for at

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Samantha M. Gray, Peggy Chen, Lena Fleig, Paul A. Gardiner, Megan M. McAllister, Joseph H. Puyat, Joanie Sims-Gould, Heather A. McKay, Meghan Winters and Maureen C. Ashe

.1056/NEJMra1510059 27518663 19. Ashe MC , Winters M , Hoppmann CA , et al. “Not just another walking program”: Everyday Activity Supports You (EASY) model—a randomized pilot study for a parallel randomized controlled trial . Pilot and Feasibility Studies . 2015 ; 1 : 4 . doi:10

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Bronagh McGrane, Sarahjane Belton, Stuart J. Fairclough, Danielle Powell and Johann Issartel

findings, the authors cautioned for the need to evaluate the intervention with a larger sample in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). It is evident that there is a lack of FMS proficiency among adolescents, which may lead to difficulties in developing more advanced sport-specific skills. 1 If this lack

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Sharon Hetherington, Paul Swinton, Tim Henwood, Justin Keogh, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett, Kevin Rouse and Tracy Comans

this particular barrier to participation. The cost savings attributable to decreased health care utilization were also explored in the analyses. Methods Muscling Up Against Disability was a stepped-wedge randomized control trial to assess the effect of a progressive resistance plus balance training

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Dorina Ianc, Carmen Serbescu, Marius Bembea, Laurent Benhamou, Eric Lespessailles and Daniel Courteix

We investigated the effects of calcium supplementation and physical practice on the bone ultrasound properties and trabecular microarchitecture in children. 160 children aged 8−11 were randomly allocated to active or nonactive groups and to receive either a calcium-phosphate or a placebo powder for 6 months. Skeletal status was assessed using an ultrasound technique, which measures the speed of sound (Ad-SoS, m/s) at the phalanx. Bone microarchitecture was characterized by fractal analysis measured on calcaneus radiographs and the result expressed as the Hmean parameter, that has been shown to a good reliability of the bone texture quality. After 6 months, the calcium group had significantly gained Ad-SoS compared to the placebo group (P = 0.01) and Hmean increase was greater in the active than the nonactive group (P < 0.05). Exercise and calcium supplementation had a differential effect on the bone tissue, calcium being rather linked to a systemic effect whereas exercise has acted better onto the skeletal stressed site.