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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Javier S. Morales, Adrián Castillo-García and Alejandro Lucia

ketone supplement was ingested before (ie, in the hours prior to exercise) or during exercise, but not “chronically” (during more than 1 d) or postexercise (as a recovery aid); and (4) used a randomized controlled trial design that included at least one control intervention consisting of taking a drink

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Leonardo Shigaki, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariane Guizeline Calderon, Thais Karoline Cezar Costa, Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa and Rubens A. da Silva

the ACSM position. 9 Methods Design This study was a randomized controlled trial conducted in the Center for Health Science Research at the Laboratory of Functional Evaluation and Human Motor Performance (LAFUP), UNOPAR, Londrina-PR, Brazil. The study was conducted according to Resolution 466/2012 of

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Adam Kelly and Justin Stanek

hypothesized that the intervention would improve dynamic balance after 4 weeks of daily use. Methods Design An exploratory, parallel design, randomized control trial was conducted, in which the independent variable was the intervention group (foot-toe orthosis and laboratory-issued shoe [FTO] group), the

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Karenina Arrais Guida Modesto, Pedro Ferreira Alves de Oliveira, Hellora Gonçalves Fonseca, Klaus Porto Azevedo, Vinicius Guzzoni, Martim Bottaro, Nicolas Babault and Joao Luiz Quagliotti Durigan

and signed a detailed informed consent form approved by the ethical committee on human research. Design This study was designed as a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Subjects performed 21 visits to the laboratory: familiarization, pretraining evaluation, 18 training sessions, and

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Lisa Price, Katrina Wyatt, Jenny Lloyd, Charles Abraham, Siobhan Creanor, Sarah Dean and Melvyn Hillsdon

Assessing children’s physical activity (PA) using accelerometry is now common place in cohort studies ( 2 , 6 , 9 ) and randomized controlled trials ( 14 , 32 ). However, researchers still face challenges regarding choice of minimum wear-time criteria and participant compliance (ie, those who meet

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K. Dillon and Harry Prapavessis

randomized controlled trial (RCT; Arain, Campbell, Cooper, & Lancaster, 2010 ). Methods Design This was a 10-week single-site pilot RCT. Ethical approval was received from The University of Western Ontario Ethics Committee. The intervention was registered as a clinical trial (reference: ClinicalTrials

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Nicole K. Nathan, Rachel L. Sutherland, Kirsty Hope, Nicole J. McCarthy, Matthew Pettett, Ben Elton, Rebecca Jackson, Stewart G. Trost, Christophe Lecathelinais, Kathryn Reilly, John H. Wiggers, Alix Hall, Karen Gillham, Vanessa Herrmann and Luke Wolfenden

school PA policies requiring minimum time for PA has on student PA levels has not been widely examined in randomized controlled trials. 4 Given the existence of such policies across multiple jurisdictions internationally, the lack of rigorous evaluation of their impact is an important evidence gap

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Cameron Bolton, Sheri Hale and Todd Telemeco

study was a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial (NCT03428620), which included individuals who reported CAI. Participants were recruited through a convenience sample from Shenandoah University and the surrounding community by recruitment flyers, email, and word of mouth. Participants were

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David Cruz-Díaz, Kyung-Min Kim, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Marco Bergamin, Agustin Aibar-Almazán and Antonio Martínez-Amat

observed during Tai Chi practice and SEBT assessment. Long-term effects of Tai Chi should be controlled with the inclusion of a follow-up period in future randomized controlled trials. Limitations and Further Research The main limitation of the study was the lack of a follow-up period to assess how the

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Orges Lena, Jasemin Todri, Ardita Todri, José Luis Martínez Gil and Maria Gomez Gallego

03849053) on Clinicaltrial.gov . A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was implemented to compare the effectiveness of MM in LBP (pre–post tests at baseline and after 24 wk) between 2 groups (experimental and active comparator). No changes occurred in the methods after trial commencement. The