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Patricia Gaion, Michel Milistetd, Fernando Santos, Andressa Contreira, Luciane Arantes and Nayara Caruzzo

). Nevertheless, despite the evidence-based guidelines and recommendations for practice that have been made the last few years ( Coakley, 2016 ; Holt, Camiré, et al., 2017 ; Holt, Neely, et al., 2017 ), there is still the need to bridge the gap between research and practice (i.e., policy and coaching practice

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Julien Louis, Fabrice Vercruyssen, Olivier Dupuy and Thierry Bernard

optimized. Finally, we provided practical nutritional recommendations and suggestions for the next stage of research. To prepare this narrative review, a literature search was conducted on the PubMed, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases. Search terms included master or senior or older or veteran or

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Amy J. Hector and Stuart M. Phillips

the energy deficit. Thus, the aim of this review is to focus on recommendations for dietary protein intake in g protein/kg body mass. However, it is important to note that most higher protein weight loss diets still provide protein that is well within the AMDR. Current recommendations for protein

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Andrea Torres, Bethany Tennant, Isabela Ribeiro-Lucas, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Katrina Piercy and Bonny Bloodgood

their analysis and research recommendations for each research question. The summary included key findings, a synthesis of the evidence, rationale for evidence grades, and limitations. Research recommendations provided suggestions for conducting additional research to enhance the evidence base. The full

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Ann C. Grandjean

A three-part questionnaire was used to identify professionals in sports nutrition and survey their recommendations on various aspects of sports nutrition. The majority of respondents were women. Over half of the sample reported working in sports nutrition for 6 years or less, and 72% indicated that 40% or less of their job is dedicated to sports nutrition. A portion of the questionnaire assessed the subjects' opinions on various sports nutrition topics. Statements on water and electrolytes generated the most agreement while statements on protein generated the least agreement. There was a positive correlation (p~0.004) between level of education and whether or not the respondents recommended glycogen loading, and a positive correlation (p~0.008) between the subjects' use of dietary supplements and the fact that they recommended supplements to the athletes they counseled. The majority of professionals in this study worked with recreational athletes and were more concerned about encouraging a healthy diet than improving athletic performance.

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Barry Lavay and Peggy Lasko-McCarthey

To successfully conduct quality research, professionals in adapted physical activity (APA) must address a number of unique and challenging issues. These issues include difficulty in acquiring large and homogenous samples; developing valid, reliable, and commercially available test instruments and protocols specific to persons with disabilities; properly training doctoral students to conduct quality research; and maintaining a specific research focus. With regard to these issues, this paper provides the following recommendations: utilize alternative research designs; acquire adequate graduate research training; develop a research focus as an adapted physical activity researcher; and promote an interdisciplinary, collaborative research effort among professionals. Most important, through continued scholarly research adapted physical activity professionals will be able to expand the scientific body of knowledge.

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Frances Bevington, Katrina L. Piercy, Kate Olscamp, Sandra W. Hilfiker, Dena G. Fisher and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

Activity Guidelines,” 12 appearing in this issue, summarizes survey findings related to contemplators’ awareness of the Guidelines, knowledge of physical activity, and knowledge of dosage recommendations. Methods To answer the 2 key research questions, ODPHP worked with a health education and

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Mhairi J. MacDonald, Samantha G. Fawkner, Ailsa G. Niven and David Rowe

. Tudor-Locke et al ( 33 ) reported that 12,000 and 15,000 steps per day were sufficient for good health for girls and boys, respectively, whereas Duncan et al ( 9 ) reported 13,000 (girls) and 16,000 (boys) steps·day −1 . Although useful, these recommendations are appropriate for children but not for

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Pete Van Mullem and Kirk Mathias

. , Arantes , L. , & Caruzzo , N . ( 2020 ). Coaching positive youth development in Brazil: Recommendations for coach education programs . International Sport Coaching Journal, 7 ( 1 ), 82 – 88 . 10.1123/iscj.2018-0106 Galatti , L.R. , dos Santos , Y.Y.S. , & Korsakas , P. ( 2019 ). A coach

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John J. Reilly, Adrienne R. Hughes, Xanne Janssen, Kathryn R. Hesketh, Sonia Livingstone, Catherine Hill, Ruth Kipping, Catherine E. Draper, Anthony D. Okely and Anne Martin

The UK first published guidance on physical activity for the early years (birth–school-entry) in 2011. 1 This 2011 “Start Active, Stay Active” guidance was based largely on expert opinion, and limited to only a single quantitative recommendation, that 3–4 year olds should spend a minimum of 180