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Ryan G. Overmayer and Matthew W. Driller

During congested competition schedules, like those often experienced at events such as the Olympic Games, recovery strategies are thought to alleviate postexercise fatigue and enhance subsequent performance. 1 , 2 The Omnium is a multirace event in track cycling at the Olympic Games, with short

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Eric Kyle O’Neal, Samantha Louise Johnson, Brett Alan Davis, Veronika Pribyslavska and Mary Caitlin Stevenson-Wilcoxson

heavily in moderate to hot environments is to determine if adequate recovery fluid intake (ARFI) is consistently achieved between training bouts. For runners or coaches and sports medicine staff working with runners, a simple and objective method to determine if ARFI has taken place between training bouts

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Jordan Bettleyon and Thomas W. Kaminski

Clinical Scenario Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been a controversial topic for its use in athletic recovery, mainly due to the inconsistency in research regarding the timing of application for this modality. Articles on LLLT have assessed its effectiveness in untrained humans through pain

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Devin G. McCarthy and Lawrence L. Spriet

performance can be expected with lowered and depleted whole-muscle glycogen stores. Consuming CHO during recovery from intense exercise is important for replenishing glycogen stores, particularly when the rest between exercise bouts is short and the subsequent exercise bout is of high intensity. 7 Recent

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Francisco Tavares, Martyn Beaven, Júlia Teles, Dane Baker, Phil Healey, Tiaki B. Smith and Matthew Driller

At the elite level, rugby training often occurs 2 or more times daily over 2 or more consecutive days during a week. 1 , 2 An imbalance between training stress and recovery can lead to an excessive level of accumulated fatigue over the training week 1 and undesirable chronic fatigue over a

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Suzanna Russell, Angus G. Evans, David G. Jenkins and Vincent G. Kelly

Recovery from exercise is a critical aspect of athletic training and competition schedules. 1 , 2 An equilibrium between physiological stress and recovery is essential to facilitate and maintain the adaptations required for elite performance. 1 , 2 Effective recovery following exercise mitigates

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Jahan Heidari, Jürgen Beckmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Michel Brink, K. Wolfgang Kallus, Claudio Robazza and Michael Kellmann

, and appropriate adjustments to fatigue can be planned subsequently. 6 , 8 A major field of monitoring does not aim at a direct performance enhancement. Rather, training load and subsequent fatigue are assessed via monitoring and can be used to quantify the recovery status (eg, high vs low recovered

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Ann M. Quinn and Barry J. Fallon


To explore predictors of recovery time.


Repeated measures on 4 occasions throughout recovery included injury appraisal, demographics, emotional responses, and psychological variables.


Elite injured athletes (N = 136).

Main Outcome Measure:

Recovery time.


At all phases, being a team athlete was a significant predictor of faster recovery. At partial recovery (approximately one-third of the recovery time), significant predictors were active coping, confidence of reaching full recovery in the estimated time, not completing rehabilitation, and having less social support. By semirecovery (approximately two-thirds of the recovery time), vigor and using denial significantly predicted quicker recovery. At recovery, having previously suffered a serious nonsporting injury or illness, vigor, more confidence, and intensity of effort significantly predicted faster recovery.


This study has expanded on and refined the work in this area and will help increase understanding of the role that psychological variables play in decreasing recovery time, which has important implications for those implementing rehabilitation programs.

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Corey P. Ochs, Melissa C. Kay and Johna K. Register-Mihalik

resulting time out of play and the potential athletic consequences following this time loss. Concussions in professional sports, such as football and ice hockey, are unique due to players’ job security relying on their ability to perform. Typically, initial clinical recovery occurs within 7 to 10 days 3

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Steven Nagib and Shelley W. Linens

Clinical Scenario Although headache is the most commonly reported symptom associated with concussion, dizziness comes in at a close second with report rates between 66% and 77%. 1 This statistic is concerning as dizziness may be a predictor of prolonged recovery. 1 Any patient, who has symptoms